Why it is absolutely impossible not to dismiss stress
Each of us in life at least once experienced stress when preparing for exams, before a public appearance, at competitions, before an interview or after dismissal - there are a lot of reasons. However, many do not attach any importance to this, forgetting how dangerous the effects of stress may be on them a little later. We will remind you about them.
How stress affects the body
Short-term stress is sometimes useful, for example, to increase efficiency and productivity. But when you experience stress too often or too long, it develops into a chronic one, and begins not only to influence the brain, but also to harm your body directly.
The physiology of stress is such that when entering into this state, an important paired organ of our body, the adrenal glands, is actively connected to work. They secrete special hormones: cortisol, adrenaline and norepinephrine. Moving through the body along with the blood flow, these hormones enter the blood vessels and the heart, in particular, adrenaline causes the heart to beat more often and increases blood pressure.
In fact, the adrenal glands are responsible for the "second wind" that opens in a person in a critical situation. But if this situation is delayed, then the adrenal glands continue to work without stopping, not even having time to recover. Let us consider in more detail what the consequences of stress are for our body.
Dangerous effects of stress
- The stress state loosens the human nervous system and overloads it, depleting the adrenal glands, and a regular increase in blood pressure causes hypertension. All this increases the chances of a heart attack or heart attack. The hormone cortisol secreted at the same time can disrupt the functioning of the endothelium - the first step towards the development of atherosclerosis.
- The effects of stress also include irritable bowel syndrome and heartburn. When your brain feels stressed, it conveys a message about the stress of the enteric nervous system, which controls the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract. This disrupts the natural rhythmic contractions that move the food eaten, and increases susceptibility to acid. Through the enteric nervous system, stress can change the composition and functioning of intestinal bacteria, which impairs digestion and the health of the whole organism.
- High levels of cortisol can also contribute to the accumulation of visceral or intra-abdominal fats. This fat not only interferes with getting into jeans, but also actively secretes cytokines - substances that can increase the risk of developing chronic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes.
- The effects of stress are manifested in the deterioration of the immune system, since hormones in various ways affect the cells of the immune system. Chronic stress can inhibit their work, making you more susceptible to infections and slowing your recovery.
- Finally, stress can worsen your health even more, causing acne, hair loss, sexual disorders, headaches, muscle tension, difficulty concentrating, sleep disturbances, fatigue and irritability.
Is it possible to die from stress
There are three stages of stress: anxiety, resistance and exhaustion. At the first stage, the body produces stress hormones and prepares for protection, at the second stage, it throws all its forces at resisting stimuli, trying to adapt to the situation.
And if the stress state continues, and it comes to the third stage, then exhaustion occurs: the body's reserves can no longer be mobilized, which leads to the emergence of physical diseases and psychological disorders. And since the consequences of stress include severe illness, in the absence of proper treatment, they can actually lead the patient to death.
It turns out that, fortunately, you will not die from stress as such, but the lingering consequences caused by it can lead to anything. Therefore, we advise you not to let things take their course and begin to struggle with stress, in order not to start its consequences - how we can do this, we already wrote in the article “Managing anger: effective methods of dealing with stress.”
The following video will help you learn the symptoms and causes of stress: