What to do so that orchids appear in flowers?
First of all, it concerns the temperature that is maintained in your home - its value should be from 21 to 26 degrees, otherwise the leaves will continue to grow, and the peduncle will not be able to form. If it is not possible to maintain such a microclimate at home, you just have to make a special mini-greenhouse to house an orchid.
Carefully monitor the temperature level in the summer - it is better to move the plants of the Phalaenopsis or Dendrobium type to a room that is lit by the sunlight in the early morning, or to make it onto the open balcony provided there are no sharp gusts of wind.
In addition, the answer to the question of why the plant does not have a normal peduncle may be a discrepancy between the selected watering mode.If the apartment works well enough and the insulation of the walls is properly organized, the air inside the house may be too dry, which will lead to a rapid loss of moisture by the orchid. In this case, Phalaenopsis and Dendrobium are watered at least twice a week, and more moisture-loving varieties can be irrigated every other day and sprayed on them, if this does not contradict their nature.
At home, you also need to properly perform the process of watering. This should be done with the help of a special bowl, in which a perforated orchid pot is installed for 40-80 minutes.The plant blooms only if the perfect balance of water content in its roots is reached - this is indicated by their pale greenish tint.
If you decide to purchase Phalaenopsis, it is worth remembering that its leaves should in no case be exposed to the direct rays of the sun. At home, such an orchid is usually installed on a window sill, which is illuminated by the rays of the sun only until 9-10 am, and if this is not possible, then a special light filter is used.
However, the lack of light for the orchid is alsodestructive - in the cold season at home plants bloom best when exposed to rays of a special lamp.
Why are some flowers unwilling to show their beauty even under all the conditions described above? The reason for this may lie in the lack of nutrition with potassium and phosphorus compounds, as indicated by the yellowish and brown spots that cover the leaves. Phalaenopsis tolerates fertilizer application quite well, but with more exotic varieties, be careful. This should be done with each watering for 2-4 weeks until a steady growth of the orchid peduncle begins.
We achieve growth in one month
If you have already figured out why the flowers of your orchid do not bloom, you can make them appear in just one month. To do this you will need to follow the following basic rules:
- to completely eliminate drafts in the house, and to take the orchid out of the room if necessary to ventilate;
- if it is winter outside, purchase a special “fitolampa” equipped with a light filter for growing plants of your species;
- use exclusively purified or separated water for irrigation that does not contain excessive amounts of mineral substances.
Correct pruning and comfortable environment.
In addition, if you are the owner of the Phalaenopsis orchid, which still had a peduncle without any traces of drying out and rotting, it must be cut above the third lower bud. If the peduncle has at least a few swollen buds, cut it at about 0.5-1 cm below the upper bud, to facilitate the growth of this part of the orchid and reduce the cost of its forces for full recovery.
Otherwise, the displacement of the roots in which microscopic cracks are formed cannot be avoided - their tightening requires diverting the forces of the orchid from flowering.
In addition, do not turn on the fan and air conditioning in the room with a flower - fast moving air currents can have a similar harmful effect.If you need to take the plant out of the room when airing, you should do this as carefully as possible, trying to hold the peduncle and leaves with your hand, preventing them from significant fluctuations.
Under natural conditions, Phalaenopsis, like other orchids, is exposed to significant changes in ambient temperature during the day. At home, it is necessary to imitate it - for this at night, carefully take out the flower on the balcony or loggia, which have sufficiently good insulation. The plant blooms well, if at night the temperature is maintained at 17-18 degrees, and in the daytime - 22-24 degrees.
Care and feeding
Sometimes the answer to the question why the flower is present, but it remains empty for a long time, is too good care. No matter how strange it may sound, but at home the orchid needs a little stress in order to launch the biological mechanisms hidden in it. As an example, we can give one week of missed watering, provided that there are no problems with the drying of the roots.
At night you can take the flower to the balcony, the temperature of which is 14-16 degrees.Despite all the thermophilicity that Phalaenopsis possesses, such conditions will not be disastrous for him, if before that he was provided with excellent care.
In addition, we should not forget about the right balance of minerals and chemical elements in the top dressing. In particular, the orchid blooms only when there is a sufficient amount of potassium and phosphorus in the soil. But nitrogen is harmful for it - with a high content of its compounds in the roots, the formation of inflorescences slows down significantly.
It is best to contact a qualified specialist in caring for house plants, including an employee of a flower shop.