What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

note

Valgus deformityA condition such as valgus deformity of the foot in children is a kind of curvature inward or to the center of the body from the shin to the foot of the originally straight axis. There is a decrease in the height of the arches of the foot, the deviation of the heel and toes to the outside.If you look at the overall picture behind the baby, his legs will resemble “butterfly wings”.

Dr. Komarovsky draws the attention of parents to the internal arch of the foot or hollow between the fingers and the heel in such children, which almost completely disappears. In the process of bending and straightening the knees, the distance between the inner side of the ankles increases by more than four centimeters.

Putting the baby on the legs, you can see how the pathological letter "X" clearly emerges between his feet.

Causes of the disease

Baby's feetIt should be noted that the cause of flat-valgus deformity in children can be two factors:

  1. Congenital- a violation of the shape and location of the bones in the period of fetal development. The most complex forms are called “vertical ramming” and “foot-rocking”. This defect is easily detected even within the walls of the maternity hospital or during the first month of the infant;
  2. Acquired- due to the imperfections of the ligament and tendon apparatus of the baby. This diagnosis can only be made by a pediatric orthopedist between 10 and 14 months. It is this time period that is the period of the baby’s first steps when the disease manifests itself most clearly.

Predisposing factors

Setting the heelAmong the factors predisposing to the occurrence of this disease note:

  • prematurity of children;
  • low body weight, unborn baby;
  • obesity;
  • rickets;
  • regular pulmonary, catarrhal, bronchial diseases in early infancy.

Visible signs of the disease

Foot settingAmong the bright symptoms of flat-valgus deformities of the foot, there are:

  • the child’s offensive is not on the whole foot, but only on its inside;
  • clumsy gait;
  • shuffling
  • X-shape of the affected foot;
  • uncertainty of steps;
  • tiredness of walking.

As soon as the baby learns to move independently, this symptom will disappear completely. Otherwise, you should immediately contact the pediatrician.

Disease treatment

Baby footOnly a doctor can prescribe a small patient. Among the ways to get rid of the disease distinguish plaster fixation bandages, splints and tires. It should be noted that in children the treatment of flat-valgus deformity of the foot occurs in a complex, which includes:

  • massage;
  • foot baths;
  • wax wrapping;
  • mud and ozocerite applications;
  • magnetic therapy;
  • electrophoresis;
  • acupuncture;
  • electrical stimulation of the muscles of the foot and lower leg;
  • therapeutic swimming;
  • physiotherapy.

Healing massage

Foot massageThe treatment of this disease occurs with the use of many methods, but among them a special place is occupied by massage, which is emphasized by Dr. Komarovsky. It is the massage that is able to regulate the tone of the muscles of the foot and lower leg, relieve excessive tension, make the muscles more durable and strong, improve the blood supply.

In order to rid the baby of flat-valgus deformity of the foot, massage of the back, lumbar region, buttocks, muscles and joints of the legs, and feet is carried out.

However, this treatment does not fixate on the above, since other problem areas also need attention.

Dr. Komarovsky advises, before starting a massage for children, to lay them on the tummy so that their feet hang down from the edge of the changing or massage table, and under the legs there is a small pad in the shape of a roller.

Mom does a foot massage to the babyBack massage begins with strokes along the spine line. Then, light rubbing, but the massage of the legs should be carried out in the following sequence:

  • stroking each leg entirely;
  • stroking the hips from the dimples up and out;
  • kneading the muscles of the entire back;
  • rubbing the skin;
  • alternation of clapping palms with open and closed fingers;
  • final stroking.

An important place is occupied by massage in children and legs. Do not be afraid to do something wrong. In the network there is a sufficient number of both photos and videos, where in the smallest details the technology of performing one or another part of the movements is indicated.

Easy gymnastics

Gymnastics for the kidFrom an early age it is necessary to motivate the child to the fact that he needs light gymnastics, which is desirable to spend in the morning. Any invented or peeped exercises should be aimed at complex execution. This also consists of a specific treatment for flat-valgus deformity of the foot. In any case, gymnastics should be useful and easy to perform.

Reflex trays

A definite treatment consists of jumping and walking on small reflex mats. This is necessary to strengthen the foot of the baby without creating excessive stress on the weak joints.
This issue should be dealt with exclusively by a pediatric orthopedist. Treatment will also consist of compulsory visits to all physiotherapy procedures.

Correct shoes

Orthopedic shoesTreatment of flat-valgus deformity includes wearing correct or orthopedic shoes. This shoe has a number of features that are available:

  • lateral rigid heel clamps and foot;
  • individually selected functional insoles;
  • arch supports;
  • small wide heels.

It should be noted that it is possible to wear orthopedic shoes only for a certain time, the length of which is established by the attending physician. Constantly wearing these shoes, you can provoke atrophy of the leg muscles.

Many pediatric orthopedists are of the opinion that, at home, the kid does not need shoes. It should be understood that the word shoes experts mean slippers. In particular, shoes are necessary for the street, and at home there is an additional effect of hardening the child’s body. Nevertheless, it is necessary to ensure that the surface on which the baby walks is smooth, but not smooth. Allowed to walk in thin socks.

Pathology of the thumb

Baby feetIn addition to the disease of the foot, medicine has flat-valgus deformity of the thumb. This disease is accompanied by pathological changes in the joint. As a result, the disease provokes the displacement of the thumb inside. During this process, the baby experiences severe pain.

It is worth noting that with this disease, not only the big toe is shifted, but also all others.

The reasons for which flat-valgus deformity of the thumb can be endocrine changes, human genetics, osteoporosis.
This pathology or flat-valgus deformity of the big toe of the foot can cause severe weakness in the joints of the foot and its muscles. In particular, a particularly large load for the specified finger creates wearing shoes with a sharp nose.

There are several stages of this disease:

  1. It is a deviation outward of the big toe up to 15 degrees.
  2. It is indicated by the deviation of the same finger from 15 to 20 degrees.
  3. Deviation can reach 20-30 degrees.
  4. Angle greater than 30 degrees.

Quite often, the last stage is accompanied by various kinds of complications:

  • fingers look like hammers;
  • calluses will appear;
  • pain will begin to occur while walking.

Easier to warn

Baby walksIf the flat-valgus deformity of the foot is an acquired disease, then it could be avoided as follows:

  • refuse to put the baby on the legs, starting at 7 or 8 months;
  • conduct daily hardening;
  • strengthening the ligaments and muscles gymnastics;
  • provide preventive massage;
  • providing the baby with good nutrition;
  • conducting daily walks;
  • adding anti-vitamin vitamin D to the diet;
  • choosing the right size and quality shoes for the baby;
  • timely visiting a pediatrician.

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  • What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods

    What is valgus foot deformity in a child - causes, signs and treatment methods