The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror

The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror

During the Epoch of Terror in France, so many people were executed that the guillotine and beheading became popular and fashionable.

The guillotine earrings of gold and gilded metal of 1793 depict the Phrygian cap at the top and the crowned severed heads of the king and queen hanging below. Thanks to the 16594 executions that took place between June 1793 and July 1794, the guillotine became the emblem of the Epoch of Terror during the French Revolution.

It was both metaphorical and literal.

“The guillotine perfectly illustrated and embodied the urgent need for a break that created a condition - and a promise - to remake the world,” writes Lor Murat in “The Thought He Was Napoleon”. gravity, he promised democratic death to the proponent of equality. This meant the final end of the hierarchy of punishments of the ancient regime, under which they sentenced the witches and arsonists to be burned, the regicides were tortured,thieves and criminals were hanged, and for the nobility there was a beheading with a sword. It was necessary to end this inequality — even in death — on October 9, 1789, Dr. Joseph Ignas Guillotin, an elected representative of the Constituent Assembly, proposed a new form of the death penalty, which would be the same for all. "

A doctor named Antoine Louis presented a detailed report on how the new “government machine” would work.

“France did not invent this method of execution, but changed the scale of operations, bringing death to the era of technical mass production,” writes Murat. “Other decapitation devices confirmed their importance in the past, such as Diele in medieval Germany, mannaia in Italy of the sixteenth century, Scotland and Halifax gibbet in England. The French guillotine was, nevertheless, more effective than its predecessors, thanks to the creation of a turntable on which the convicted person was connected, a lunette (two-sided yoke) that kept SVA fixed, and finally, the use of the diagonal blade, rather than having a crescent shape, which means that the tool is 'never failed', according to the report submitted by March 7, 1792 by Antoine Louis, its true inventor. "

The Prussian piano maker Tobias Schmidt was hired to create a device that was called "Little Louison" or "Louisetta."

Interestingly, Schmidt’s request for a patent for an invention was rejected:

“It’s unpleasant from the human point of view to grant a patent for such inventions; we haven’t reached such a level of barbarism. Since Mr. Schmidt has designed a useful deadly invention that can only be used to execute just sentences, to the government. "

This new "government machine" was tested on April 17, 1792 on living sheep and three human corpses.

A few days later, on April 25, a robber named Nicolas Jacques Pelletier became the first man executed on the guillotine.

Of course, the penalty was a success. And the beginning of bloodshed.

 

Chopped off head of Louis XVI

Barbarism or not, people loved the guillotine. When the Age of Terror began to pick up an average of 46 pieces per day, including Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, the terrifying instrument of quick death became part of everyday life. He became the subject of art, music and fashion.

“He was portrayed, told about him, he was mentioned in popular songs, calling various epithets: 'widow', 'national razor', 'patriotic haircut', 'sword of equality' and 'altar of the country', says Murat. - People are no longer they said 'be decapitated', and they said 'look through the door for the cat', 'lean out of the window' or 'sneeze into the basket'. "

“Like tricolor skirts and bouquets of flowers or a jewelry set with Bastille stones,” write Jane Merrill and Chris Filstrup in “I Love Those Earrings,” the guillotines testified to man’s courage and what it means to be on the side of victory.

When the Age of Terror finally ended, rumors of reddening severed heads and gnashing of teeth forced some to believe that consciousness continued to function after decapitation, and public opinion about the guillotine began to change.

Subsequently, in Paris, meetings of victims were held, in which the families of those who met their end in the guillotine gathered in mourning outfits with red ribbons tied around their necks.

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  • The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror

    The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror

    The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror

    The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror

    The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror

    The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror

    The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror

    The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror

    The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror

    The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror

    The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror The story of guillotine earrings, which were in vogue during the Epoch of Terror