The sacrament of baptism, or Can not baptize a priest and not in the church?
The sacrament of baptism occupies an important place in Orthodoxy. It is of great importance for a person, because immersion in water symbolizes the death of a dilapidated, sinful person and his birth for eternal life with God. This imposes great responsibility.
In the temple and with the priest
Today it is usually done in infancy with the participation of receivers - godparents, who not only hold the child in their arms during the performance of the Sacrament, but also promise God that they will participate in the spiritual education of the godson.
The priest reads special prayers, among them the so-called “spells” —a person (if a child, then his godparents) renounces Satan and combines with Christ — refuses sin and takes the path of piety, and three times plunges into the water. This is followed by the Sacrament of Confirmation, which means the gift of the Holy Spirit.On the baptized one, the grace of God rests; his name is commemorated in the temples, he proceeds to the Eucharist.
They used to baptize at a conscious age after a person revealed a desire to become a member of the Church. Before that, one had to go through a catechization - a course in the basics of Orthodoxy. Today, the sacrament of baptism has become a massive, but often unconscious trend, performed in infancy by a priest in the temple.
But it also happens that an unbaptized person before his death revealed a desire to become a member of the Church. He left very little to live, there is no time to call a representative of the clergy. In this case, the layman can perform the Sacrament of baptism (regardless of whether he is a man or a woman).
Sometimes such baptism is performed on sick babies, whose believing parents are afraid that their children will be transferred to another world, without becoming members of the Church (and these cannot be remembered in churches, served on the proskomedia).
To perform the sacrament of baptism, it is necessary to immerse a person three times in a water or sprinkle it with water, while reading this prayer:The servant of God (name) is baptized, in the name of the Father amen (plunges into water) and the Son amen (plunges) and the Holy Spirit amen (again plunges into water)
The modern Orthodox catechist told about such a case. He read out a man who was seriously ill for several years. The training was not over yet, and the person was already threatened with death. The priest was not close. The catechist himself plunged him by reading the appropriate prayer. There was no sudden death, so the priest was called the next day. Baptism was valid, but still it was necessary to perform the Sacrament of anointing - the gift of the Holy Spirit.
That is, in some cases baptism can be performed not only by a priest, but also by a layman. In addition, in such situations it can take place at home in a seriously ill patient, in a hospital, in a maternity hospital. History shows that sometimes they baptize near ponds (Prince Vladimir ordered the Russians to plunge into the Dnieper).