Symptoms and treatment of thrush in children

Symptoms and treatment of thrush in children

Symptoms and treatment of thrush in children
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The appearance of white plaque in the mouth of a young child is an alarming sign of candidiasis. This is a common disease that is usually easy to treat if treatment is started promptly.

However, thrush in children can also have very deplorable consequences, because in the absence of correct therapy, the disease can spread to the internal organs and the total lesion of the skin. Therefore, when the first signs of candidiasis appear in a baby, it is worth urgently to consult a doctor.

Briefly about the main thing

In the human body live hundreds of microorganisms. All of them are in a certain concentration, helping the metabolism, digestion and other important processes. One of these inhabitants is the fungus Сandida. He peacefully gets on with other bacteria, without disrupting the activity of the body.

But with the onset of adverse conditions (stress, antibiotic treatment, reduced immunity, etc.), the pathological multiplication of this fungus begins and the disease of candidiasis develops.In the people, this pathology is called thrush, as the discharge in the mouth and tongue in a child resembles acidified milk or curd, and also has a corresponding lactic smell.

The classification of candidiasis is quite complicated. However, depending on the location of the lesion, children most often develop the following forms of the disease:

  • thrush in a child’s mouth than a treatdevelopment of a lesion in the mouth;
  • with localization in the genital area;
  • generalized form of the disease, covering the dermis, mucous membranes and internal organs.

Depending on the intensity of the symptoms, there are 2 more types of illness:

  1. Acute.
    It, in turn, is subdivided into 2 more types: pseudomembranous and atrophic. This pathology can be cured quickly enough, provided that the correct therapy was started immediately after the onset of the first symptoms.
  2. Chronic.
    This type is subdivided into 2 more varieties: hyperplastic and atrophic. A disease that has become chronic is extremely difficult to treat, since it can acquire a systemic form and spread to internal organs. Especially often this happens in infants, whose immunity is not yet formed and can not fight the fungus.

Also distinguish 2 more types of the disease, depending on the depth of the lesion:

  • superficial - affected only the upper layers of the mucosa;
  • deep - the fungus penetrates into the lower layers, which is fraught with the appearance of ulcerations and wound surface.
The most common form of the disease that occurs in every 3 children is candidiasis in the mouth and tongue.

This pathology has its own classification, depending on the location and extent of the lesion:

  1. The development of yeast stomatitis.
    The lesion is localized in the mouth and may cover the gum, the adjacent part of the lips, hard and soft palate up to the esophagus.
  2. The combination of yeast stomatitis with glossitis.
    This lesion is localized in the tongue, which is often complemented by invasion into other parts of the oral cavity.
  3. Development of yeast cheilitis.
    This is a defeat of the rim of the lips that occurs in every fourth child of school age during seasonal colds.
  4. The presence of yeast erosion in the corners of the mouth.
    A rather unpleasant form of the disease, which is also called zaedami. But with the defeat of candida, the disease is difficult to treat and often it lasts a month or more.

If you find your child has a white coating in the mouth or on the tongue and lips that resembles sour milk, you should immediately consult a doctor.After all, if you treat the disease correctly and begin treatment in a timely manner, the pathology will quickly retreat. If you delayed the visit to the doctor, the child’s illness can last a month or even more.

Causes and signs of the disease

The body of the child is a favorable platform for the development of candidiasis. Basically, these fungi get to the baby from the mother during the passage of the birth canal, during breastfeeding and hygiene procedures. However, the disease does not develop in every baby.

More often pathological reproduction of Candida is stopped by the mother’s immune cells that enter the body with milk. But in some cases, a characteristic plaque appears and the disease begins.

In addition to infection from the mother, there are such reasons for the development of candidiasis in a child:

  • regular regurgitation - therefore the disease affects infants more often;
  • injuries of the oral mucosa;
  • antibiotics, hormones and immunosuppressants;
  • too dry air can also cause symptoms
  • thrush;
  • the presence of congenital immaturity of the mucous membrane.

Most often, thrush develops in babies in the first month of life, but there are often cases of the appearance of the disease in older age.

Symptoms of the disease can vary, depending on the area of ​​the lesion and the intensity of the lesion.

But most often there are such characteristic signs of thrush in the mouth and tongue in children:

  1. thrush in children symptomsThe appearance of white plaque in the place of defeat.
    These can be individual spots with a white coating or a solid coating. Plaque looks like acidified milk, usually separated by pieces and has a heterogeneous texture. However, it should be remembered that these symptoms are not always pronounced and may cause the appearance of light bloom, which has a gray-white shade.
  2. The appearance of smell.
    When thrush in the mouth, colonies of yeast-like fungi are formed, emitting a specific smell of yogurt.
  3. Decreased appetite.
    Irritated mucous in the mouth and on the tongue gives considerable discomfort and the baby becomes painful to eat. Therefore, a child may refuse breast or other food.
  4. Capriciousness.
    The development of candidiasis affects the psychological state of the child. The baby often cries, does not sleep well, becomes irritable. However, these symptoms are not very noticeable in the first month of life, since it is during this period that colic begins.Therefore, it is necessary to regularly carry out oral hygiene from the first days of life, so as not to miss candidiasis and start its treatment in time.
  5. The presence of ulcerations.
    With oral hygiene, after the removal of candidal plaque, redness and even small wounds remain on the tongue and gums. It looks like the skin after accidentally removing the crust from the wound.

These symptoms may have different intensity. The duration of the manifestations directly depends on the timeliness of the start of treatment. Some candidiasis passes in a week, while others do not stop a month later.

Features of therapy

Proper treatment of thrush in children is a complex of a series of measures and manipulations, each of which should be carried out without fail.

Standardly, the course of therapy consists of the following elements:

  • thrush in children treatmentlocal processing;
  • systemic treatment.

It is worth remembering that self-healing when dealing with an illness in a child, especially when it comes to infants, is strictly prohibited. This is fraught with the transition of the pathology to the chronic form and the spread of the fungus to the internal organs and skin.

In milder forms of thrush, in particular, when therapy is prescribed to infants aged 1 month or more, it can be limited to local manipulations.

In this case, the treatment will include the following components:

  1. Antiseptic treatment of patches. To do this, use iodinol, furatsilin etc.
  2. Cleaning the affected areas from the plaque with an alkaline solution. To do this, use baking soda dissolved in boiled water. The concentration of soda depends on the age of the child and the condition of the mucous membrane.

Note that even local treatment requires systematic monitoring from a professional. Indeed, in the absence of a reaction to therapy, a more aggressive approach should be taken and specific antifungal drugs should be applied.

If plaque in the mouth and tongue does not disappear after 2-3 days of local procedures, doctors prescribe general treatment.

It may include the following components:

  • general antifungal medications;
  • antihistamines - means without which treatment of this disease is not cost;
  • vitamin complex;
  • a specific diet is also included in the treatment of thrush;
  • the fight against concomitant pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract and endocrine system;
  • cancellation of antibiotics and hormone therapy.

Treatment of thrush in children should be comprehensive and timely.The only way to overcome the disease and avoid the development of dangerous complications.

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  • Symptoms and treatment of thrush in children

    Symptoms and treatment of thrush in children

    Symptoms and treatment of thrush in children

    Symptoms and treatment of thrush in children

    Symptoms and treatment of thrush in children

    Symptoms and treatment of thrush in children

    Symptoms and treatment of thrush in children

    Symptoms and treatment of thrush in children

    Symptoms and treatment of thrush in children

    Symptoms and treatment of thrush in children

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