Simple rules for good nutrition of children.
Many parents believe that after a year, children can be given the same food as adults. Indeed, many dishes will be very useful for the children, but do not forget that the small body is not ready for many and sometimes harmful products.
In fact, the best option would be the transition of parents to proper nutrition at the planning stage of pregnancy, but if this failed, then reduce the consumption of hazards to a minimum after the birth of the baby. The importance of a healthy lifestyle is well known to all, especially for children, as improper dietary habits threaten them with digestive diseases and obesity at an early age. In order to avoid unpleasant consequences, it is important to take into account the peculiarities of baby food and to adhere to certain rules.
One of the basic rules is rightly considered to be the gradual transition of a baby from liquid to solid food. So, parents should understand that a sharp reduction in soups, liquid porridges, jelly can lead to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.In order to avoid unpleasant consequences, the transition should be gradual with a smooth replacement of some liquid dishes with solid ones.
Also, do not put all the dishes on the table at once. Before a kid eats a liver, for example, he must eat soup, and only at the end drink a glass of compote or tea. A richly laid table does not contribute to discipline and the desire to eat what you need, and not what you want.
Food should be varied. So, the child will not eat even the most delicious soup, if it is prepared every day, just as an ugly-looking cereal will not give it any appetite. Unfortunately, parents rarely pay attention to these items, do not try to decorate and diversify the children's diet, and this is very important.
Main products and nutritional features of babies
If everything is more or less clear with the nutrition of a child under one year old, then older children can and should be added to the diet of their own food, taking into account some peculiarities. First of all, pay attention to the fact that you need to cook fresh food every time.
So, if we can eat what stood in the refrigerator overnight, then children should not be given such food.It is also necessary every day to enter milk or dairy products, meat and its offal (liver for example), fish.
Vegetables and fruits should be daily at the children's table, not necessarily fresh, stewed vegetables and fruit salads proved to be excellent. You can not do without juices, especially fresh.
All food that a child consumes should be balanced and cover the needs of the baby for energy, vitamins and minerals. To avoid constipation, give children food rich in fiber and dietary fiber.
When planning a meal for a small family member, consider also the fact that for children under the age of 1.5-2 years, the recommended amount of food without drinking is 1000-1200 grams. In addition, include in the diet juices and milk, which should not be too much.
It will not be superfluous to make a nutrition plan in which you need to have breakfast with milk porridges or dishes with a high protein content (cottage cheese, eggs, steamed fish). For young children or for those who suffer from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, for lunch it is appropriate to give soups, mashed potatoes without solid particles, after 2 years, you can enter the usual soups in food.
Please note that main dishes can not be prepared from fatty meats and fish.So, it is better to use chicken, turkey, beef. It is better to refuse pork, but rabbit meat will be very useful for children. The same applies to fish, instead of preparing carp and chaff, limit to heck, pike or sea bass.
It is forbidden to give children canned food, various sauces (ketchup, mayonnaise), spicy and too salty foods, semi-finished products. When cooking, minimize the use of sugar, it is better to replace it with jam, for example.
Food processing and portion sizes
Do not give children too large portions of food. This can lead to poor appetite in babies, the development of obesity, and metabolic disorders.
To determine the ideal volume, you can use a calorie table, so up to 25% of calories are given for breakfast, up to 40% for lunch, 15% for afternoon tea, 25% for dinner, and no more than 5% for food before bedtime. With regard to the content of nutrients, the protein is not more than 20%, fat 20%, the rest should be given to complex carbohydrates.
In addition to the proper distribution of calories and nutritional value, it is important to properly handle food for the child.Indeed, milk cannot be boiled for a long time, since during long-term heat treatment it breaks down protein and vitamins, and milk and butter should be added to porridge just before consumption.
Frozen foods should not be thawed in the microwave or in hot water - just leave at room temperature. Also when cooking, the meat must be started up in boiling water, which contributes to the preservation of nutrients. Vegetables are best steamed. And if there is no such possibility, reduce their cooking to a minimum.
For the nutrition of children, their diet should be a lot of vegetable protein in the form of legumes, cereals, as well as dairy products with a high content of animal protein, meat, fish. Try to pamper your child with yogurt, fruit instead of muffins and cookies.
Nutrition for children at an early age is very important and parents need to pay due attention to it. It is at this stage that the child develops eating habits that will not only help you easily switch to an adult diet, but also remain in his future life.