Second degree arterial hypertension - symptoms and treatment
Nowadays, high blood pressure is no longer the prerogative of grandparents. Yes, a disease such as hypertension is increasingly affecting young people. At an early age, young people do not attach any importance to pressure surges. However, they do not even feel them. It is a mistake to believe that a short rest will help change the situation for the better.
It is worth remembering that already periodic pressure surges indicate a disease of the first degree, and in this case close to 2 and 3.
Many people think that even at the initial stage, arterial hypertension is a sentence for a person. On the contrary, the disease is completely reversible, but in the case of timely access to a doctor.
One on one with hypertension
With such an insidious enemy, like arterial hypertension, you should not be left alone. Naturally, it is necessary to treat it in the early stages, but to determine the danger you need to recognize certain symptoms. Before we begin to describe them, it is worth getting acquainted with the provocateurs of the disease. So, the disease manifests itself in the background:
- genetic predisposition;
- harmful taste preferences: spicy and salty foods;
- frequent stress;
- chronic sleep deprivation;
- nerve overload;
- alcohol abuse.
Touching on such a topic as symptoms of hypertension, it is worth clarifying that the disease of grade 2 and 3 is characterized by a higher and more stable level of blood pressure. It is a systolic index ranging from 170 to 200 mm Hg and diastolic - from 105 to 114 mm. Based on the above, certain symptoms will appear:
- left ventricular hypertension;
- various manifestations of vascular insufficiency;
- change in the fundus veins;
- arteriole narrowing.
It should be noted that arterial hypertension grade 2 is accompanied by hypertensive crises that occur spontaneously, without any provoking factors.
In this case, immediate medical attention is required.Otherwise, there is a sharp risk of complications - a heart attack or stroke and, as a result, disability. The tragic resolution of the situation is fatal.
In our conversation, it is impossible not to mention the symptoms that should alert the patient:
- morning tiredness;
- fatigue during the day;
- frequent headaches;
- flashing before the eyes of "flies";
- darkening of the eyes;
- feeling of pulsation in the head;
- swelling of the face, including the eyelid;
- memory loss.
This disease can be treated, and very successfully. Before the necessary treatment is prescribed, the patient must undergo certain studies that will help to say exactly about the extent of the disease: 1, 2 or 3. It is about:
- urine and blood tests;
- Ultrasound of the heart.
- You also need to consult with:
- by a neurologist.
Generalized test results will help to more accurately determine the treatment. It is worth paying attention that in many cases arterial hypertension of 2 and 3 degrees requires lifelong administration of certain drugs. Such drugs, as a rule, belong to different groups.
In the obligatory case, the treatment will consist of applying:
- Diuretics (Verohspiron, Diuvera, Furosemide, Ravel);
- Antihypertensive drugs of different groups (Bisoprolol, Lisinopril, Artil, Physiotensa);
- Drugs that reduce blood viscosity (Aspikarda, Cardiomagnyl);
- Drugs that reduce blood cholesterol levels (Zovastikor, Atorvastatin).
However, the treatment of hypertension, as 2 degrees, and 3, is not only in taking certain drugs, but also the rational organization of the whole working day. Everything should be taken into account:
- How do you work;
- how much time you give to sleep;
- what exactly your diet consists of;
- Do you do fitness training, and how much time you spend on it.
Diet - a step to healing
It is necessary to know that arterial hypertension of 2 and 3 degrees requires the patient to follow a certain diet. It is about limiting the use of salt and liquid. Fulfillment of this condition significantly reduces the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
It is recommended to exclude from the diet:
- fatty dishes;
- smoked meat;
- hot sauces;
These steps will not only reduce the risk of concomitant pathological manifestations of the specified disease, but also reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood.
Disability with hypertension
We have already casually dealt with the topic when the disease causes disability, the risk of occurrence of which is always present if the conversation is about hypertension.In particular, group 3 is established for patients suffering from a disease of grade 2. This is done mainly in order to be able to properly employ the patient.
If disability is established by a patient with a malignant course of the disease, then there may well be a discussion about group 2. In this case, moderate organ damage should be present or heart failure should be diagnosed. In patients with 2 and 3 degrees of the disease there is a risk of unstable efficacy of treatment. It is impossible to keep silent about the fact that disability is able to prevent employment. In the vast majority of cases, group 2 may be non-working.
However, timely treatment of hypertension prevents disability or death of the disease. It should be noted that the first group faces 3 degrees of the disease, which is characterized by:
- disease progression;
- severe violations of the functioning of target organs;
- pronounced heart failure;
- restriction of the ability to move, communicate and self-service.
In this case, it is almost impossible to cure hypertension.Recommended drugs are aimed solely at maintaining the health of the organs, but not healing from the disease.