Renovation of holy icons at the beginning of the 20th century
Up to the 20th century, the myrrh or blood flow of the icon was a rare, exceptional phenomenon. Mass signs are observed in Russia only in the 20th century. The first such period falls on the beginning of the 1920s.
The prototype of miracles in the embraced distemper of Russia was the discovery of the icon of Nicholas the Wonderworker, written over the Nikolskaya Tower of the Kremlin. It happened in the spring of 1918 and described by many eyewitnesses. The future Archbishop John (Shakhovskoy) saw him as a boy. The image of St. Nicholas, damaged by Napoleon, and then stung by the execution of the Kremlin by the Bolsheviks, remained, after all, basically unharmed, and therefore the new authorities hung it with a red cloth.
And on a quiet sunny day, the Muscovites saw that it first broke from top to bottom, and then with ribbons it began to tear off and fall down. A crowd of worshipers gathered, and on May 22 from all ends, along the First Throne, a great religious procession proceeded with prayer.
The second miracle of renewal occurred in the mother of Russian cities, Kiev, which was then temporarily also in the chains of theomachists.One October morning, it was suddenly discovered that the domes of the venerated ancient temple had suddenly turned into gilded again at night. Local residents said that the area around it was lit by a bright cloud, which was taken for a fire. And then it turned out that not only the dome shone with pure gold, but also paintings with icons inside, including the old Shroud.
Updates have become so numerous that in the Novgorod district alone (not the province), in 1925, frightened opponents of the faith counted more than a hundred and fifty. And they, according to their blasphemous reports, "hit" one after another of the village. The sawing of the images of the Virgin on the glass was completely new. In the mid-1920s, in the suburban village in the hut on the window, the face of the Kazan Protector began to appear, and only when the shepherd led a herd along the road in the evening. The coming commission established that the glass had been brought from the looted manor house, where it stood in front of the honored icon. The mystery of the display did not reveal, but just in case it was removed and smashed.
In 1964, lightning struck an old wooden church in the name of John the Theologian on Ishna, near Suzdal.She descended along the iconostasis, tied a weighty bronze candlestick into a knot - and then, walking along the icon of the Crucifixion of Christ, she renewed it and flew out. Alexander Nikolaevich Strizhov, a remarkable researcher of our domestic antiquity and novelty, wrote about this unprecedented case before, seeing the miraculously “restored” icon shortly after the incident.
In 1923, a series of updates of icons swept. So, on July 9, 1923, the parishioners of the station Pogranichnaya Georgy Vasilyevich and Elizaveta Ivanovna Zhuritsky refreshed the icon of the holy martyr John the Warrior. This icon was rather old, very dark, with a barely noticeable face.
For a long time she was in the icon case under a glass that did not open. The icon was painted on wood; it was decorated with a riza and a rim around it in gold-colored foil. Quite unexpectedly, the icon became unusually light, with a clearly cleared image of the saint and a renewed foil riza. After such a wonderful event, the owners of the icon donated it to the local temple.
On July 10 of the same year, the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God and the icon of St. Nicholas were refreshed with a resident of Ivan Dmitrievich Kondratyuk, a neighbor from the Border Village of Blagoveshchensk.The owner of this icon, Ivan Dmitrievich was already 42 years old, during which time the Kazan icon visibly darkened and lost its distinctness of outlines. Once the mistress of the house during the morning prayer noticed the enlightenment of the icon. Drawing attention to the miraculous phenomenon, the hostess immediately called her daughter, who also witnessed the very process of enlightening the icon.
Practically at the same time the following facts of updating the icons were recorded:
1. Icon of the Savior at the parishioner of the station Borderland Matryona Vikulovna Motiah. The icon was purchased by the hostess 42 years ago. She was painted in paints, and despite her simplicity, she was fairly well done. After the renovation, the hostess donated the icon to Harbin Cathedral.
2. The Iveron Icon of the Mother of God of the parishioner Mikhail Prokopevich and Varvara Andreyevna Romanyuk.
3. Icon of the Holy Great Martyr George the Victorious in the house of the Bolshevik, but a believer Vasily Ananievich Belikov. The icon was purchased by his mother, a God-fearing woman, 16 years ago. Her image was stamped on the tin. After the renovation, the icon began to shine, as if it had just been manufactured in a factory; only insignificant remainsspecks, showing what icon was before the update. Updating the icon occurred at a time when the owner was praying. The icon hung in the front corner. During the prayer, the host noticed a bright glow, and the icon was updated within 24 hours. He did not tell anyone about the enlightenment of the icon, except for his mother, fearing various misinterpretations. Before the renewal, the icon was completely dark, covered with dust and covered with flies.
In the spring of 1925, the Iberian Icon of the Mother of God was renovated by Vasily Alexandrovich and Maria Mikhailovna Ushanovs living in Harbin. The update was accompanied by a special, extraordinary sign. The owners of the icon themselves describe this sign as follows. V. A. Ushanov, arriving home, as usual went to pray before the icons in another room. A lamp was burning in the room. Going over the threshold, for some reason he began to read “The Resurrection of Christ seeing ...” and saw “a corner of fire” ... This phenomenon made him embarrassed, he was frightened, did not pray, and left the room, but nobody happened said nothing. On Wednesday, before the Trinity, the children noticed a white spot on the chin of the face of the Mother of God.Then gradually all the features of the face of both the Mother of God and the Savior began to be enlightened. Within two months, the most pure hands and feet of the Mother of God and Savior were enlightened. The phenomenon of light seen by V. A. Ushanov was repeated on August 16. About 9 o'clock in the evening, we suddenly saw in the corner, where the icons flashed several times with the light of blue and white. The flashes of light were repeated up to 25-30 times.
Today, there is also a trend of ubiquitous signs from icons, the beginning of which can be attributed to 1991. As in previous centuries, signs from icons are most often given in the days of Lent - a time of profound repentance and contrition of sins. Often they are correlated with the Great Feasts, the memory of a particular Icon of the Virgin or the Holy.
Nowadays, the fertile dew or myro often appears not on one, but on several icons of the temple, on icon cases, crucifixes. Sometimes, moisture appears and swells on the glass covering the image, or appears on the icon itself under it. The antiquity or novelty of the icon, its material does not matter: mirotrechat images on wood and paper, glass and metal, exude world photos and reproductions of icons (including wall posters, pocket calendars, images of icons in liturgical books, etc.).
Here is one example.At the first week of Great Lent in 1996 in the temple of the village of Nizhnyaya Baygor of the Voronezh region myrrh-reading Iveron Icon of the Mother of God: February 24, on the eve of Forgiveness Sunday, myrrh from the image flowed like a stream, so that the temple was filled with an ineffable fragrance. On Pure Monday, the world wore out from under the crown and from the brow of Our Lady; on Tuesday - drops throughout the icon; on Wednesday, the icon dried up, and tears poured from the eyes of the Lady.
Updates and myrrhs are more often observed in restored or reopened churches and monasteries. For example, in the St. Petersburg Diocese in 1990, they took place in the monasteries handed over to the Church (St. John and Novodevichy), the monastery farmsteads (Valaam and Zedenetsky), in several parish churches — shortly after their buildings were returned to the Church and they began to revive liturgical life.
In Kirsanov at the end of the 40s, on the gable of the Assumption Cathedral, the painting was miraculously refreshed - images of St. Nicholas and the Assumption of the Mother of God. Long-faded paint shone like new. The whole city witnessed this: the handsome cathedral stood in the center.
In the early 50s, an image appeared in the apse of the Tikhvin Church of the former Kirsanovsky Tikhvin-Bogoroditsky Convent - the icon “The Protection of the Mother of God”. It is noteworthy that this church was never painted outside.
As a manifested image they neither painted over nor whitened, it still appeared - and the Mother of God was clearly seen in it. They shot at her with a rifle, and then made an entire icon with a chisel along with plaster. The outline of the Mother of God bending over the people is still preserved.
The multiplicity of signs at the end of the twentieth century is associated with spiritual and historical processes that accompanied the turning point. So, 1991 was, without doubt, decisive in the fate of Russia. The disintegration of a single state that had been gathering over the centuries began. A huge country was thrown into serious trials.
At the very beginning of this period, the relics of two great Russian saints, whose prophecies and miracles are directly connected with the future of Russia, Reverend Seraphim of Sarov and St. Joasaph of Belgorod were unexpectedly found. It happened in the Imperial Kazan Cathedral of St. Petersburg.
And on Holy Week 1991, she emitted a fragrant worldly icon of the Mother of God “Sovereign” from the Nikolo-Perervinskaya monastery in Moscow.In the summer, in one of the ancient temples of Vologda, tears flowed from the eyes of the Lord in the form of the Divine Savior. On August 18, the ancient icon of the Mother of God began to cry in Georgia. In August, the largest number of signs occurred in 1991.
On November 18, 1991, an amazing event happened: hooligans threw a fire-bomb into the window of the Small Cathedral of the Moscow Donskoy Monastery. The cathedral was damaged. But when restoration work was carried out on February 19, 1992, the relics of the holy Patriarch Tikhon were found here.
In Smolensk, an ancient fortress city with great shrines and miraculous images, which originally protected Russia from invasions from the West, on November 22, 1991, in the Assumption Cathedral, the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God shed a tear. The beginning of the bloody first Chechen war was marked by signs from the icons in the North Caucasus: on May 27, 1994, the icon of St. Nicholas was refreshed in Stavropol, and on June 9, the Ascension Day, in the presence of hundreds of pilgrims, tears flowed from the eyes of Our Lady on two icons in the presence of hundreds of pilgrims "Iverskaya" and "quick-witted".
During the terrible events inBudennovsk (formerly this peaceful Stavropol city was called the Holy Cross), many people in the sky above the hospital, where they were taken hostages, saw the Blessed Virgin, praying in front of the Cross. This great miracle, the manifestation of the Mother of God, took place in June 1995. On the basis of eyewitness accounts, the Stavropol Metropolitan blessed to write an icon of the Mother of God, which received the name "Holy Krestovskaya."
Some miracles in the early 90s of the XX century were associated with the patron saints of Russia - the royal martyrs. At the beginning of the 20th century, shortly before the arrest and murder of the last Russian emperor and his family, the ancient wonderworking Theodore icon of the Mother of God, the ancestral shrine of the Romanov dynasty, suddenly turned black (it remains in this form and to this day). In September 1994, in The Tsarskoye Selo the Feodorovsky image was breached by the people. Many believers tied this miracle from the icon - the patroness of the royal house, with the burial of the remains in the Peter and Paul Cathedral of Grand Duke George Alexandrovich, desecrated by a blasphemous exhumation in July of the same year, which took place on the same day.
Several miracles took place in the St. Petersburg Epiphany church, built and consecrated in memory of the miraculous salvation of the heir, Tsarevich Nikolai Alexandrovich, during the attack on him by the Japanese samurai in St. Thomas's week of 1891. After the return of the diocese church in 1992, wall painting was gradually updated without human intervention, and this process began with the painting “The Confidence of the Apostle Thomas”. In 1998, the diocesan commission recorded a miraculous update of the icon of the Nativity of Christ. The miracle happened on the evening of March 14, on the eve of the feast of the Reigning Icon of the Mother of God.
On January 31, 1997, in the house of parishioners of the city of Voskresensk, Moscow Region, a small paper icon of Tsar-Martyr Nicholas Alexandrovich and the holy Equal-to-the-Apostles Prince Vladimir was flooded with the transparent fragrant world. And in 1998, the myrrh-streaming of the now well-known icon of Tsar Nicholas Alexandrovich began.
From N. Grishechkina's book “The Miraculous Icons in Russia”