Proper care of the chef
Sheflera is an ornamental flora that grows in the natural environment in African, South American, and South Asian countries, where the humid tropical climate prevails. Experts in the field of botany claim that more than 590 species of this family have been described, among which can be found tall vines, trees and low shrubs. Owners of cheflers will be interested to know that the plant got its name in honor of the German, who lived in the XVIII century and studied botany - Christian Scheffler.
In temperate latitudes such ornamental deciduous flora can take root only at home, greenhouses or winter gardens. However, it will not bloom. In the natural environment sheflera blooms. As a result of this process, very small white blossoms appear on the tree, and then berries. All owners should understand that flowering does not have a great decorative significance. Leaves that have an unusual color consisting of a yellowish and bright green shade look much more interesting.One half of the leaf blade is usually colored in one color, and the other with the other.
Homemade chef can reach 0.6–1.5 meters in height if it is provided with optimal conditions for daily care and timely transplantation. The width of the crown can reach 60 - 100 centimeters. A distinctive feature of the plant is its good adaptability to different conditions. The tree grows relatively quickly. In summer, under comfortable conditions, its growth may increase by 30 centimeters.
There are several popular home-grown flower varieties. The first ischefleroe radar. It has a small size, due to which it is most common among gardeners. The plant reaches only 60 centimeters in height. Young leaves of this species often have 3 lobes. As they grow older, they get 4 - 12 shares. This feature makes the chef very unusual and beautiful plant. In adulthood, it looks very proportionate and harmonious.
The second popular species iswoody chef. It appeared and became widespread relatively recently.The leaves of this plant have a characteristic luster and are quite dense. It is worth noting that the height of the tree can be 140 - 150 centimeters, and the diameter of the crown - 60 centimeters. The leaves of the representatives of this variety have a variegated coloring, which is the hallmark. During the cultivation of woody chefs, it is necessary to ensure that the plant takes the correct, symmetrical shape.
Plant owners should know that the chefler has a beneficial effect on the environment. She actively saturates the air in the house or apartment with oxygen. In addition, this type of flora purifies the air, saturates it with ozone and aero ions.
This type of decorative leafy flora is odorless and does not cause allergic reactions.
Illumination and watering
Sheflera adapted to a humid tropical climate. In many ways, this determines the characteristics of home care for a tree.The first thing to ensure is the correct mode of illumination. In no case should you place a pot with a chef in the light part of the house or apartment, since the plant simply does not have enough sunlight. Ideal place to live in a room with windows facing south-east or south. At the same time on the leaves of the flower should not get the sun's rays. This is a very common reason why a plant becomes sluggish, stunted, and stops its growth.
The second rule is moderately abundant watering. The tree loves wet soil, but do not over-fill it with water. It is enough to irrigate the plant several times a week to make it feel great. Of course, in no case should not overdry the soil. All owners of such decorative flora should remember that it needs regular spraying from a spray bottle. In the summer such procedures should be carried out every day, and in the winter - once in 2 - 3 days. To ensure an optimal microclimate, you can put a flowerpot with a flower on the box in which the pebbles filled with water. This method will increase the humidity in the room.With an unfavorable microclimate, the leaves begin to darken and crumble, spots may appear on them.
Temperature and power
Sheflera normally carries different temperatures. It is desirable that in the winter period the temperature regime was 15 - 18 degrees, and in the summer - 20 - 23 degrees. If such conditions are not met, the plant can shed its leaves, which, of course, negatively affects not only its appearance, but also its health. Many owners of such decorative flora note that the tree feels great in an air-conditioned room.
The leaves of the tree are quite sensitive to dust. In addition, such a plant looks unsightly. We recommend that as the dust leaves wipe them with a clean wet cloth or sponge. You can carry out a heavy spraying, then wipe each sheet with a dry cloth.
In the summer, the chefler begins an active phase of growth. For this reason, it is necessary to introduce mineral fertilizers into the soil. In winter, fertilizing is not carried out.This procedure is performed once every 15 days - this frequency is optimal in the warm season.
Ideal liquid mixtures that contain the following elements:
Transplantation and reproduction
Experts say that the transplant must be performed once every two seasons. It is best to update the soil in the spring. Young plants can be transplanted more often - once a year. Owners of such decorative leafy flora should focus, primarily, on the growth of the plant. Soil is best to use a mixed, consisting of 2 parts of sod land, 1 part of humus soil and 1 part of sand. We recommend buying ready-made substrate in specialized flower shops. You can use the soil for palm.
The pot should be selected in such a way that its diameter and height are several centimeters more than the previous one. In the process of transplanting it is very important to ensure good drainage. Otherwise, moisture will accumulate in the pot, which can lead to decay of the root system and the death of the plant.
There are two ways of breeding cheflers - using seeds and cuttings.For grafting need to pick up strong processes. Cut stalks should be put in a solution of heteroauxin for 6-8 hours. After this, the process is planted in a mixture of peat and sand for rooting. In this case, it is necessary to observe an important condition - the temperature of the substrate should not be below 21 - 22 degrees. When the shoots are strengthened, they should be transplanted into ordinary soil, which is suitable for adult shefler. Seed propagation is much more difficult. This process is best entrusted to professionals.
Sheflera is a beautiful decorative leafy plant that can be grown at home. It has a beneficial effect on the indoor climate, cleans the air. It is very important to follow the rules for the care of such a flora, so that it pleases its owners for many years.