Political science - examples from practice

Olga Nagornyuk
17.11.2015

Political science - examples from practice

The word "political science" appeared in our language relatively recently. We all know: this is science. But what is she studying? What methods does it use and where is it used in practice? We decided to answer these questions in our article.

Political science as a science

The object of political science- politics in all its manifestations: power relations, government, political organization of the state, interaction of a person and society. In other words, political science explores and reveals the laws and laws on which political power is based.

Political power

For example, the origins of the class struggle and the ways of its development, the construction of the relationship between the elect and the voters, the manipulation of the mass consciousness - all this is the object of study of political scientists.

History of political science

The emergence of this science dates back to antiquity. The first who laid the foundations of political science was the ancient Greek thinker Aristotle. In the Middle Ages, Thomas Aquinas picked up the baton of the philosophers of Hellas, and later, in the Renaissance,Political issues were the subject of research by Niccolò Machiavelli, who, by the way, was the first to question the postulate of the divine origin of royal power.

Niccolo Machiavelli

It is now we know that the monarch is the same person as everyone else, just his ancestors were more dexterous political manipulators, so they ended up on the throne. And in those days, the king and the emperor were considered the vicar of God on earth, and to go against their power was tantamount to violating the will of the Most High.

John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Voltaire, Karl Marx, Herbert Spencer and Karl Raimund Popper contributed to the development of political science at different times.

Methods and functions of political science

The concept of political scienceclosely intertwined with philosophy, sociology and logic, which is reflected in its methods. They are divided into two large groups:

General logic

The methods used in the social sciences, which include political science:

  • analysis and synthesis. Analysis is the way when you decompose the whole into its components, synthesis is the opposite;

For example, you have the task to organize elections, you need to paint the stages of their conduct and the tools that you have to use. In this case, we are dealing with analysis.When they tell you: you have 2 months to make Mayor N, while you have media support for three TV channels and two radio stations, three people are appointed as assistants and funding in the amount of $ 100 thousand is allocated - and you start building tactics action. In this case, we are dealing with a method of synthesis.

Election campaign

  • deduction and induction. He who is familiar with the work of Arthur Conan Doyle knows: deduction is a method of logical thinking that allows you to create a logical chain from the general to the particular. Induction is the reverse process;
  • analogy. The method of comparison, which makes it possible, on the basis of the similarity of certain processes and phenomena, to identify patterns, on the basis of which they can work out laws and predict the development of events;

For example, this method can be used in the study of class struggle in the capitalist industrial and post-industrial societies.

  • modeling. Political scientists are able to simulate situations, tracking in practice their development under different scenarios. In this way, it is possible to calculate, say, what will be the result of popular discontent with an increase in the retirement age or a jump in prices for utility services;
  • classification. Without systematization, knowledge remains scattered.Political science summarizes the accumulated information, simplifying its perception. Examples of classifications are the division of society into social strata, the isolation of the stages of the historical development of mankind, the delimitation of parties and political trends, etc .;

Segmentation and classification

  • abstraction. The transition from concrete examples to theory allows us to work out the laws according to which society and the state live and develop;
  • a combination of two types of analysis: historical and logical. History provides concrete examples, logic suggests further developments in the future;
  • thought experiment. Not all experiments can be carried out in practice, in such cases it is necessary to use only the capabilities of the human brain.

Empirical

Methods based on experience. These include statistical studies, documentary analysis, a sociological survey, laboratory experiments and analysis conducted with the help of IT-technologies.

Political science functions

The functions of political science include:

  • assessment of political actions and events, participation in the formation of the system of values ​​of society;
  • the creation of methodologies by which studies of political events and phenomena are conducted;
  • helping members of society understand the current political processes;
  • the formation of people's motives in order to force them to the necessary actions;
  • development of a theoretical basis for political reform;
  • forecasting developments in political life.

Impact on the consciousness of the masses

In addition to the above,political sciencehelps to solve social conflicts and build a structure of power that represents the interests of all segments of the population.

Modern Political Science

In modern society, political science has proven to be most in demand. It gives those in power the tools to influence public opinion, changing it in their favor.

Where is political science used in practice? Any election campaign is the result of the use of political technologies. The creation of a lobby in parliament, which defends the interests of certain politicians and financial-industrial groups, is also an example of using political science in business.

Manipulation of voters

Modern Western political science deals with the following problems: the study of the psychology of the voter, the mechanisms of public opinion formation, the existence of bureaucracy in the state, the influence of power on political decision-making.Western political scientists, not bound by the dogmas of a single ideology, were able to make significant progress in resolving these issues.

Russian scientists were less fortunate: for 70 years they were forced to consider all the issues of the political system only through the prism of the teachings of Marx and Lenin. And only with the collapse of the USSR, Russian political science began to actively develop, engaging in the study of the theory of politics, in-depth analysis of ideological trends and the search for the optimal model of political structure.

About what he doesmodern political science, look at the video:


Take it to yourself, tell your friends!
Read also on our website:
Tricks and techniques of self-defense that everyone should know
At the sight of spectacular scenes of fights in the cinema, it may seem as if in real life it does not cost anything to set the heat on the offender. In fact, it is very important to know certain methods of self-defense, to understand how and when to use them, and not to get lost in the most crucial moment - and our article will help in this.
The use of agricultural. technology in different countries
The modern world can not be imagined without agricultural technology. The increasing demands of the world's population are possible in part thanks to the emergence and development of agriculture. technology.
How to get a certificate of absence of tax arrears
Certificate of absence of tax arrears is a document of state standard, which is necessary for individuals and legal entities.
Demand for Romania on the eve of the 2019 presidency
Citizenship of Romania and in itself is attractive for residents of the CIS countries. The ability to quickly and almost without efforts to obtain legal status in the European Union, is becoming more and more important every year.
show more
Do not let yourself be manipulated! How to survive the information war
We live in a time when a ruthless information war is raging around, confusing the gullible population. It got to the point that to turn on the TV or enter the Internet is already fraught with a nervous breakdown! Therefore, we will tell you about the rules of conduct that must be followed during the information war period.
How to solve the problem of recycling domestic waste?
It is sad to realize that in our country there is absolutely no development of ecological culture whatsoever: almost no one sorts household garbage and does not take it for recycling - as a result, tons of waste are simply buried in huge dumps. How serious this problem is and how to solve it - find out further.
This information can save the lives of all who use the subway.
Many even have no idea what to do if you fell on the subway rails: is it possible to try to climb back to the platform, which way to go to the tunnel, from where the current goes to the train carriages ... Therefore, we have prepared for you detailed instructions about how to behave properly when falling in the subway.
Carefully, apartment thieves! How robbers choose their victims
There are certain criteria that make one house more attractive to experienced looters than another. Next, we will just tell you who are most often robbed by apartment thieves, how they watch the victim, and what you should not do in any way so as not to bring trouble on their own blood assets.
This sweet word "freebie", or how people earn our greed
Just tell our man that there is an option to get rich quick or to buy something exclusive for cheap - he will gladly believe! After all, one would really like to hope that there is still some free cheese somewhere besides a mousetrap ... But who exactly meets at every step is a scammer: how we are deceived - read this article.
How are we programmed?
How does the manipulation of consciousness affect the behavior of a person, forcing him to do what politicians and PR people want from him? With what techniques are our actions programmed, and is it possible to resist them? Look for answers in our article.
5 brilliant frauds of the XX century
What are the biggest frauds in the history of frauds of the twentieth century and who of the modern "Ostap Bender" has the right to be called the king of frauds? We have made the TOP-5 of the ingenious frauds of the last century, which are striking in their audacity.
Nuclear war already been ?!
Why do some scientists believe that there has already been a nuclear war, and not even one? In our article we will tell who and what fought then,and what the consequences could be the use of nuclear weapons on a global scale.

Related news

  • The life and work of the famous top model and TV presenter Natalia Vodianova
  • March 8, 1988 there was a capture of the aircraft
  • 14 new convertibles that the state does not consider luxurious
  • Cancer is completely curable. Immunotherapy Details
  • Kamenets-Podilsky: a selection of sites
  • Political science - examples from practice

    Political science - examples from practice

    Political science - examples from practice

    Political science - examples from practice

    Political science - examples from practice

    Political science - examples from practice

    Political science - examples from practice

    Political science - examples from practice

    Political science - examples from practice

    Political science - examples from practice

    Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice Political science - examples from practice