Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

1In popular culture, the mummification rite is associated exclusively with ancient Egypt. This is explained by the fact that it was the Egyptian mummies that became known to our distant ancestors. But modern historians have also found out a more ancient culture that practiced mummification. This is the South American culture of the Andean Indians Chinchorro: mummies dating back as far as 9 thousand years BC were found here. But still the attention of modern historians is riveted precisely to the Egyptian mummies - who knows what secrets these well-preserved dead can hide.

Egyptian mummification2
In Egypt, mummification began only in 4500 BC. Such an exact date allowed to find out the excavations of the English expedition, conducted in 1997. Egyptologists attribute the earliest burial of mummies to the so-called Baddarii archaeological culture: at that time, the Egyptians wrapped the limbs and heads of the dead with flax and matting, soaked with a special compound.

Antique evidence3
The process of classical mummification of antiquity to recreate historians still can not. The fact is that the only evidence that has survived today about the stages of mummification belong to ancient authors, including such great philosophers as Herodot, Plutarch and Diodorus. At the time of these travelers, the classic process of mummification of the New Kingdom was already degraded.

First, they remove the brain through the nostrils with an iron hook. Then they make an incision just below the abdomen with a sharp Ethiopic stone and clear the entire abdominal cavity from the viscera. After cleaning the abdominal cavity and washing it with palm wine, the masters then clean it again with crushed incense. Finally, they fill the womb with pure, pounded myrrh, cassia, and other incense (except incense) and sew it up again. After that, the body for 70 days is placed in the soda lye. After this 70-day period, having washed the body, wrap around a bandage from the fine linen cut into ribbons and spread it with gum - Herodotus

Storage vessels4
All organs removed from the corpse were carefully preserved. They were washed with a special composition, and then placed in vessels with balsam, canopy.On one mummy accounted for 4 canopies - their covers adorned the heads of the gods: Hapi (baboon), Dumautef (jackal), Quebehsenuf (falcon), Imset (man).

Honey and Shells5
There were other, more refined ways to embalmise the departed. For example, the body of Alexander of Macedon was mummified in an unusual “white honey”, which never melted. In the early Dynastic period, on the contrary, the embalmers resorted to a simpler method: their bodies were covered with plaster, over which they were painted with oil. Thus the shell remained, with dust inside.

Inca mummies6
At the end of 1550, a Spanish official accidentally stumbled upon Inca mummies hidden in a secret cave near Peru. Further research revealed other caves: the Indians had a whole warehouse of mummies - 1,365 persons, who were once the founders of the main genera of culture.

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  • Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs

    Mummies: the dark secrets of the Egyptian pharaohs