The spirit of collectivism was the main stimulus of modern modernization in China. The current state of society, with its disunity and individualization caused by large-scale, rapid urbanization, seemed to weaken the former ideology.
The construction of a new dormitory by O-office Architects for the staff of the Vanke Research Center for Industrialization of Construction has become a unique opportunity for architects to address the issue of new social life forms. The site in the southeastern part of the territory of the center is bordered by areas that have developed from former villages to a primitive urban structure.
The main design challenge was the construction of a hostel for 155 employees, from security to technical specialists working in the center. One of the main decisions was the application of a system of reinforced concrete frames, as well as a number of innovative building environmental technologies.
The completed building consists of five floors with three types of rooms: single, double and quadruple rooms. The southern facade of the three-story wing called Habita provides a separate balcony for each housing unit, and five large steel blocks for public spaces are suspended at different levels of the northern facade overlooking the Research Center. General-purpose facilities, such as a gym and a library, are formed into an L-shaped volume of the Mount, rising from the ground to the dining room at the very top. The mountain is not only a metaphor, but a real climbing wall in combination with a green surface right on the eastern facade. A slight elevation of concrete blocks grows out of the landscape and creates improvised scaffolding in the open. Stairs, elevators, corridors and bridges connect the building with a vertical network.
Collectivism here becomes a bright and spontaneous community, initiated by social and architectural concepts.