Legendary Soviet films that were released thanks to Brezhnev
Many films from the golden fund of Soviet cinema were released only because they really liked Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, a passionate film fan. The general secretary to the dacha was often brought new items of world and domestic cinema, and Brezhnev was much more far-sighted and more liberal than his subordinates, ready to put a film on the shelf for the slightest mistake and inconsistency.
Let us recall the famous Soviet kinohity, which viewers could see only because Brezhnev saved them.
"White Sun of the Desert" (director Vladimir Motyl, 1969)
A special commission, which looked at all the Soviet films, ready for release on a wide screen, presented a series of complaints and conditions to director Vladimir Motyl. The censors were not satisfied with the tragic denouement of the film and a whole range of plot decisions.As a result, the director had to make a picture of about 30 amendments. Part of the scenes would have to completely re-shoot. Motyl categorically refused to remake the film. As a result, the tape "White Sun of the Desert" was put on the shelf.
Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev was very fond of American Westerns. In the autumn of 1969, he had to bring another batch of overseas adventure paintings to his dacha, but something went wrong, and they did not have time to get films from America. As a result of searches in the repository, a copy of the “White Sun of the Desert” was discovered, which was brought to Brezhnev by Brezhnev. The general secretary was completely delighted after watching. Especially Leonid Ilyich was impressed by the scene on the launch. He called the State Committee for Cinematography, expressed his admiration for the head of the institution and inquired why the Soviet viewers had not yet seen this picture. The tape "White Sun of the Desert" had to give a green light.
Vladimir Motyl agreed to a few minor amendments, the film was released and almost immediately after the premiere, he won national love.
"Prisoner of the Caucasus, or Shurik's New Adventures" (director Leonid Gaidai, 1966)
In Goskino categorically did not want to take the film. They didn’t like jokes, didn’t like songs by composer Alexander Zatsepin, one of which, “If I were a Sultan ...”, was declared immoral. On Friday, Goskino chairman Alexei Romanov was already in a bad mood for acceptance of the film, which he did not hide. While watching this comedy in the hall, no one laughed, except for the cinema-mechanics, who had to be reassured.
At the end of the film, one of the officials said to the authors that this anti-Soviet would come out on the screen only through his corpse. The final decision on this film should have been taken on Monday, at the meeting of the Board of the State Committee for Cinematography. So we parted. Some friends have already begun to eschew the filmmakers.
But what was the general amazement when, on Monday morning, Romanov, coming out of the office, congratulated the authors and said that their film was being released, and he was assigned the highest category. What happened?
It turns out that on Friday evening, when everyone had already gone their separate ways, Brezhnev's assistant called and asked to send something new for the weekend to the Secretary General. The duty officer said that there was one comedy film, but she had just been rejected.But, nevertheless, the film was sent to Brezhnev. The result exceeded all expectations! Brezhnev was delighted with the picture, laughing to tears, and then brought back to show the film to his colleagues in the government. Brezhnev knew the text of the comedy almost by heart. He even interfered with the decision of the leading persons, all the time prompted: "But now he will say that in the next village the groom stole a party member." Brezhnev laughed louder and louder. Therefore, the film took the “high” audience superbly.
Brezhnev called Goskino and expressed not only his own opinion, but also members of the Politburo, congratulating "on the next victory of the Soviet cinema". At the government cottages for the weekend picture chased seven times. As a result of this work, Gaidai was given the highest rating. A little later, officials signed a decree on the show of comedy in all cinemas of the Soviet Union.
So fans of the picture should be glad that Brezhnev had a wonderful sense of humor.
"The Diamond Hand" (directed by Leonid Gaidai, 1968)
The next comedy tape of the great Gaidai was ready for the premiere two years after the release of the “Caucasian Captive”.Initially, she was prepared exactly the same fate as the previous work of the master. Members of the commission unanimously declared that there is no place for frivolous songs and jokes on the domestic screen, some of which, according to officials, violate all the norms of Soviet morality.
Brezhnev then again asked for a new comedy for the weekend, to look at the cottage, and again he laughed heartily. He liked the movie so much that he watched it twice. Then he called the General Directorate of Cinematography asking: “Immediately release the film on the screen.”
“Gentlemen of Fortune” (director Alexander Sery, 1971)
Goskino officials didn’t like thieves jargon often used during the film, as well as the romanticization of images of criminals who looked ridiculous and not at all scary. Not counting, of course, Associate Professor.
And the fate of this film also interfered with Leonid Ilyich. A brother-in-law, Colonel Churbanov, who served in the Ministry of Internal Affairs, brought a picture to Brezhnev's dacha. Together they watched this film, while Churbanov commented on his individual episodes. The picture amused Brezhnev and he really liked. Unlike officials, he did not notice anything at odds with the Soviet ideology.
And a few months after this dacha viewing, the film was watched by millions of viewers. Time put everything in its place. The success of the painting was overwhelming.
"Pirates of the twentieth century" (directed by Boris Durov, 1979)
Karate - that almost played a fatal role in the fate of the "Pirates": this sport was considered ideologically harmful in the USSR, the karate sections led a semi-underground existence. But on the set, the trainer was quite legal - the famous karate player Tadeush Kasyanov (he also played the boatswain Matveich). The film, as soon as it was completed in 1979, was shown to the authorities from the Central Committee of the Komsomol and immediately banned, although in the highest instance of cinema - Goskino - it slipped. And the Komsomol leaders were frightened: the film "not ours"! "Pirates" were sent to the shelf and almost forgot about them, until the tape hit the home viewing at the cottage of the Secretary General.
Having seen this rombing fighter in one of the days off at his dacha, in which “ours” courageously dealt with the enemies, Brezhnev wondered why this film was not shown to people. Immediately after this film was removed from the shelf and sent to hire. So began his triumphal march across the screens of the country. And again, thanks to Brezhnev ...
Belorussky Railway Station (director Andrei Smirnov, 1971)
The creators of this tape were accused of creating an incorrect image of a police officer. Cinematographers ensured that the film was watched by all party leaders and Brezhnev himself. Leonid Ilyich picture is very touched - during the scene when the heroine of Nina Urgant sings the song of Bulat Okudzhava “We need one victory”, tears flowed from his eyes.
After this closed session, it was decided to release Belorussky Station on the screen as soon as possible, and from that very moment they tried to include the famous song from the movie in every concert Brezhnev attended.
"Garage" (director Eldar Ryazanov, 1979)
In March 1980, in the House of Cinema, Ryazanov presented his new work, the satirical comedy Garage. The film was accepted with a bang. And Ryazanov expected that soon the whole country would plunge into the “garage” passions on the screen. But it turned out that the picture was released in very small circulation, it was not shown at all in the capital, it was possible to see the film only in the Moscow region. And after the first shows, the circulation of the tape was going to be completely destroyed. But even here Leonid Ilyich contributed his bit to the salvation of the film.
At that time, the plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU was held, in which Brezhnev emphasized in his report that it was necessary to ruthlessly reveal and criticize shortcomings in public life. And it turned out that the Garage was, by the way, the prompt response of the Soviet cinematographers to the demand of the time, to the call of the party.