January 10, 1944 Zina Portnova executed
Zina Portnova was born on February 20, 1926 in Leningrad in a working class family. She graduated from 7 classes.
In June 1941, a girl for school holidays arrived in the village of Zuya, near the Obol station of the Vitebsk region. After the invasion of the fascists on the territory of the Soviet Union, Zina was in the occupied territory. She did not want to leave with the refugees, so she decided to stay in Obol.
In 1942, the patriotic youth organized the Obolskaya underground Komsomol organization “Young Avengers”. Zina Portnova immediately became its member, the head of this organization was E. S. Zenkova, the future Hero of the Soviet Union. Later, Zina joined her committee. Was underground accepted in the Komsomol. “Young Avengers” distributed and pasted anti-fascist leaflets, and also obtained information about the actions of the German troops for the Soviet partisans. With the help of this organization, they managed to arrange a number of sabotage on the railway. A pumping station was blown up; this delayed the sending to the front of a dozen echelons of German soldiers.The underground workers blew up the local power station, put a pair of trucks out of operation, and burned the flax plant.
Zina Portnova managed to get a job in the canteen for German personnel. Having worked a little there, she carried out a cruel, but very effective operation - poisoned food. More than 100 Germans suffered. In response, the fascists launched a wave of mass terror against the city. During the proceedings, Zina, wanting to bring her non-participation to the Germans, herself tried the poisoned soup. Miraculously survived. Portnova, in order to avoid arrest, had to go to the partisans.
In August 1943, Zina became the scout of a partisan detachment. The girl is involved in explosions of trains. Obolskoy underground in 1943 was almost crushed. With the help of provocateurs, the Gestapo collected all the necessary information, as well as carried out mass arrests. The command of the partisan detachment ordered Portnova to establish contact with the survivors. She managed to establish communication, and to report back to the detachment about this - no. Having found out the reasons for the failure of the organization “Young Avengers” and already returning back, in the village of Mostysche Zina was identified by some Anna Khrapovitskaya, who immediately reported to the police.The police detained the girl and ferried her to Obol. There, the Gestapo was busy with her because she was suspected of sabotage in the canteen. During the interrogation by the Gestapo, Zina snatched the investigator's gun and instantly shot him dead. Two Nazis came running to these shots, whom the girl also shot dead. The girl ran out of the building and rushed to the river hoping to escape by swimming, but did not have time to reach the water. The Germans wounded Zina and grabbed them. She was sent to the prison of Vitebsk. The Germans had no doubts about the communion of the girl to the underground, so they did not interrogate her, but simply tortured her. The torture lasted for more than a month, but Zina did not turn in the names of other underground workers.
On January 13, 1944, she was shot in prison. On July 1, 1958, Zine Portnova was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.