Interesting facts about Khrushchev

Interesting facts about the "Khrushchev"

Many residents of our country are sure: at home - "Khrushchev" were invented in the Soviet Union, in order to provide citizens with cheap, though not the most comfortable, housing. This is not so - the first high-rise buildings of this type were built in the twenties of the last century in Amsterdam.

And in the USSR, this idea was picked up already in the fifties, during the reign of Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev, hence the name of the houses. Although plans to provide Soviet citizens with affordable housing were developed in the late forties, during the Stalin era. Mass construction of "Khrushchev" began in the area near the village of Cheryomushki near Moscow. Here in the fifties and sixties, a whole district grew up, built up with typical twin houses.

"Khrushchev" were considered as temporary housing, and were designed for 25 years. After that, according to Nikita Sergeevich, communism will come in the country, and the inhabitants of the country will be provided with more comfortable housing. But, many "Khrushchev" happily survived to the present day. Experts even claim that with timely overhaul of the building it is fully capable of standing for more than 100 years.

A characteristic feature of "Khrushchev" - flat roofs.They decided to save on roofing materials, so the roofs were filled with bitumen. Attic space in the houses became very low.

Architect Vitaly Lagutenko was involved in the development of houses of this type - he is considered to be the founder of panel housing in the Soviet Union. True, not many people heard about Vitali Lagutenko, but his grandson, a rock musician Ilya Lagutenko, is known in our country by all music lovers.

Houses from ready-made blocks were built very quickly. The assembly of one building took about two weeks. It is said that the All-Union record was set in Leningrad - 5 days.

Why "Khrushchev" were five-story? Again in order to save. Such houses, according to medical standards, did not need to be equipped with elevators. By the way, there is a legend - Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev, who arrived at one of the construction projects, could not climb on foot to the fifth floor.

Many Khrushchev houses have a window between the kitchen and the bathroom. A window about 40 cm high is located under the ceiling, in the kitchen it is located opposite the street window. The most likely purpose of the window due to the fact that during the construction of Khrushchev were not uncommon power outages.In this case, through the window a small amount of light fell into the bathroom, allowing use of the toilet and washbasin

Despite the fact that the quickly erected five-story buildings were named after Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev, their construction continued until the restructuring. During this time, the total area of ​​"Khrushchev" was about 290 million square meters. Each tenth inhabitant of the Soviet Union lived in them. An interesting fact: in spite of the small living space, the “Khrushchev” had spacious courtyards, which are still sadly remembered by many city residents.

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  • Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev

    Interesting facts about Khrushchev