Interesting about Saudi Arabia

Interesting about Saudi Arabia

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Saudi Arabia is definitely one of the most influential players in geopolitics. This country is an oil giant. There are Sharia norms, and executions on the streets are not something special.

Third Saudi

The state of Saudi Arabia was born September 23, 1932. In 1926, Abdul al-Aziz of the Saudi family united the regions of Nejd and Hejaz and founded the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz, in 1932, after the conquest of Asher and the strengthening of positions in El Has and Qatif, the country became known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Modern Saudi Arabia is also sometimes called the Third Saudi State, thus distinguishing it from the First and Second Saudi States, which existed respectively from 1744 to 1813 and from 1824 to 1891.

 

Oil card

Saudi Arabia is a real "oil barrel". The export of this raw material gives 90% of the country's export earnings, 75% of budget revenues and 45% of the state’s GDP. Oil has become for Saudi Arabia not only the main product, raising the country's economy, but also a serious geopolitical trump card.Huge reserves of oil were discovered here in 1938, but due to the Second World War, large-scale development had to be postponed. The United States has had its share in the Arab commodity business since 1933, and the Standard Oil Company of California was operating in Saudi Arabia. Without waiting for the end of the war, US President Franklin Roosevelt in February 1945, after the end of the Yalta Conference, met with Abdulaziz ibn Saud. Negotiations were held on board the American Quincy warship in the Suez Canal. Then the so-called "Quincy Pact" was concluded, through which the monopoly on oil exploration and development was transferred to the United States. Roosevelt, in turn, promised the Saudis protection against external threats. Oil made Saudi Arabia the richest state in its region; by 1952, Abdul-Aziz had a personal fortune of about $ 200 million. The United States, in turn, received a good lever of influence on the oil market.

The rights of women and men

When it comes to Saudi Arabia, they always remember the tough laws of Sharia. Women there are very limited in their rights. Thus, in Saudi Arabia, a woman is not recommended to appear outside the house without being accompanied by a mahrama (relative, husband), she is forbidden to communicate with other men, unless they are a mahram.In 2009, the brothers publicly shot two of their sisters for communicating with other men, and in 2007, the father personally executed her daughter for communicating with a strange man on Facebook. Women in Saudi Arabia are obliged to wear black abayi everywhere, in 2011, religious police also began to demand that a woman in her office should turn a blind eye because they might be too sexy. Men in Saudi Arabia must protect the honor of the family and the honor of their women. There is such a concept "namus" or "sharaf", which translates as honor. Observing a namus, a man can determine the punishment for a woman who violated the ird - the rules of female piety. In fairness, it must be said that segregation in Saudi Arabia extends to both women and men. Single men are limited in their rights no less than women. All public spaces are divided into two parts - for families (read "for women") and for men. In most places, the entrance for single men is, in principle, ordered, so socially they are oppressed in the rights of no less than women. Women in Saudi Arabia are fighting for their rights and have already achieved success in this business, they can even occupy political posts.

Executions

The legal system of Saudi Arabia is based on Sharia law, the death penalty in the country is provided for premeditated murder, armed robbery, homosexuality, extramarital (pre-marital) ties, religious apostasy, violent acts of a sexual nature, the creation of oppositional power groups. Compliance with the norms of Sharia law is monitored by the religious police, the mutavwa, also called the Sharia Guard. She reports to the Committee for the Promotion of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice. For various crimes, the norms of Sharia established various punishments - from hitting and stoning to cutting off the head. The right to execute executions in Saudi Arabia is considered to be honorable, there are still several dynasties of executioners in the country, this skill is inherited. In 2013, Saudi Arabia was faced with a shortage of personnel, there are now less and less swordtails, and therefore the forms of execution were changed.

 

Mecca and Medina

Saudi Arabia is one of the most closed countries in the world. Staying in the Muslim holy cities of Mecca and Medina for non-Muslims is strictly prohibited by law.You can get to these cities only in groups of pilgrims performing the hajj. In history, however, there have been cases of violations of these prohibitions. The first known non-muslim who visited Mecca was the Italian traveler from Bologna, Ludovico de Vertema, who visited here in 1503. Another non-Muslim who visited Mecca was Sir Richard Francis Burton. In the middle of the XIX century, he made a hajj from Afghanistan under an assumed name.

Some facts

There are no rivers in Saudi Arabia. Water here is more expensive than gasoline. In Saudi Arabia, magic is officially banned. In Saudi Arabia there are dolls on sale, but they are made in accordance with the norms - women in abaya, men - in tobi and guthrie. The Islamic calendar is adopted in Saudi Arabia, now it is the year 1436 Hijra. Favorite sport - football, the national team of the country has been the champion of Asia three times. It is not so easy to get a visa, especially if there are marks on visiting Israel in the passport.

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  • Interesting about Saudi Arabia

    Interesting about Saudi Arabia

    Interesting about Saudi Arabia

    Interesting about Saudi Arabia

    Interesting about Saudi Arabia

    Interesting about Saudi Arabia

    Interesting about Saudi Arabia

    Interesting about Saudi Arabia

    Interesting about Saudi Arabia

    Interesting about Saudi Arabia

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