Human character: traits and their description

Human character: traits and their description

Human character: traits and their description
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In Altai, there is a saying - "A man without character, that bread is without salt." The word “character” translated from Greek means “seal”, “impression”, but if we take a figurative sense, then we are talking about the typicality and character of the behavioral qualities of a person. What is the concept, and what character traits exist?

Personal properties according to classification

what character traits are thereThe most complete concept of character describes the science of psychology. It fully discloses all the nuances and defines it as a set of traits and personality traits that not only give a person individuality, but also explain his actions in a given situation.

The main characteristics are conventionally divided into several groups:

  • emotions;
  • will;
  • intelligence.

Emotional traits - aggressiveness, good nature, melancholicity, artistry, etc. begin to form from early childhood, when the mental qualities of the child undergo a gradual development.And this happens under the influence of various factors.

The willful character traits (pedantry, masculinity, devotion, etc.) a person acquires his entire life. Qualities associated with intelligence - intelligence, independence, judgment, etc. - depend on the innate predisposition, which is influenced by heredity and temperament.

An important factor in the development of the character of the individual is his environment. It can lead to the acquisition of both positive and negative character traits by a child. The process continues throughout life, and the list of acquired personal properties increases all the time. If initially this happens unconsciously at the level of reflexes, then with maturation, people begin to choose those characteristics that are closer to them.

Experts found out that the basic traits of a child’s character were laid from the very infancy, the baby’s volitional traits begin to manifest themselves in the second year of life, and in three or four he already has business qualities.

Communicative signs are most noticeable in 4-5 years, when children are interested in and actively participate in role-playing games with their peers.If we take into account these data, then we can say for sure that a five-year-old child has her own unique character.

What is the basis of personal qualities?

If you structure knowledge about personal qualities, then you can select 4 character traits, or rather a block of characteristics:

  • express attitudes towards other people (compassion, sociability, wardship, etc.);
  • features that show how a person treats himself (egoism, modesty, self-criticism, narcissism, etc.);
  • attitude to work (laziness, responsibility, etc.);
  • traits indicating the attitude of a person to objects (thrift, accuracy, greed, etc.).

Today there are more than one hundred definitions of personal qualities, but still, science identifies the main character traits.

In the business field it is:

  • main character traitslaziness or hard work;
  • responsibility or irresponsibility;
  • negligence or good faith;
  • accuracy or negligence.

In the field of communications, these are emotional qualities:

  • aggression or benevolence;
  • irritability;
  • modesty;
  • rancorous.

The willful qualities are connected with the integrity of a person; they are formed against the background of the struggle of motives and the assimilation of moral norms. In this case, the positive traits of character - confidence, perseverance, dedication.They contribute to the personal growth of man. To negative personality traits can be attributed - lack of will, lack of consistency, pliability.

How does nationality affect personal characteristics?

There are many stereotypes related to nationality, for example, if slow, then necessarily an Estonian, fierce - a Jew, temperamental - a Georgian, restrained - an Englishman ....

Scientists have quite accurately proved that the features of the national character really exist. And they are connected with various factors - culture, religion, upbringing and even climate. Of course, we are talking about those qualities that have been revealed in the majority of representatives of the nation to one degree or another.

And what features of the Russian character can be identified? Many philosophers and psychologists tried to evaluate the Russian people in terms of their characteristic qualities.

Professor of Russian philosophy Lossky identified six main features:

  1. Piety, religiosity- the main feature of the Russian man, who sensitively distinguishes between good and evil, pays attention to the imperfections of the system and actions and does not cease to look for the ideal good without flaws.
  2. what character traits are thereHigh moral experience- representatives of not every nationality have the same sociability as the Russian people. Even a stranger can speak with others, for example, in a queue, transport, in a cafe. The search for life meaning and the basics of being - these features inherent in a given nation are often reflected in the works of Russian literary authors Tolstoy, Chernyshevsky and others.
  3. Feeling and will- Lossky believes that the Russian people are distinguished by their mighty will power. And this quality can be directed both to the subject of adoration and worship, and to the hated object. Such features of the Russian people are confirmed by the fact that the majority of the people actively participate in the political and religious life of the state. These qualities can be directed towards a peaceful course as well as generate negative phenomena, for example, the intolerance of other religions, maximalism, extreme currents.
  4. Love of freedom- this peculiarity of the Russian people is to desire and appreciate the freedom of the spirit, not to take much "on faith", but to constantly cast doubt on everything. Constant search for truth often prevents people from finding a common language with each other.
  5. Kindness- a combination of masculinity and feminine softness - similar traits of a person’s character are inherent in the majority of villagers. This quality is supported by the absence of rancor, and the Russians tend to forgive their offenders, to enter into their position and even regret.
  6. Cruelty, bitterness- Professor identifies such negative character traits, as they are the place to be. However, they are not connected with the natural features of a person, but obtained as a result of difficult living conditions, oppression and inflicted resentment.

Doctor of Psychology N. N. Lebedeva, based on Lossky's research, singled out two, at first glance, opposing groups of Russian properties:

  1. Spiritual and spiritual qualities of the Russian people- include exceptionally good characteristics - humility with one’s own share, dedication and self-sacrifice, deep faith, calm acceptance of the thought of imminent demise, cool attitude to wealth, ability to empathize and share essential, contentment with available benefits.
  2. Passivity, inaction- historically, ordinary people have been separated from political and public life for centuries; and although modern people show interest in this area, but more often it is a question of verbal expression of will,not supported by action. This leads to the following negative traits of the Russian people - some alienation from the affairs taking place in the country, waiting for a “miracle”, striving for anarchism, rebelliousness, denial of discipline, various kinds of temptations.

These authors do not detract from the quality of the Russian people, but they make it clear that it is necessary to cultivate good traits even with good natural inclinations.

Physique and character

There is a rather interesting theory of the German psychologist Ernst Kretschmer that personal qualities are directly dependent on a person’s constitution. Moreover, most of the theoretical aspects received practical confirmation. According to the idea of ​​Kretschmer, there are three characteristic types:

  1. Asthenic people (“weak”) are thin, with elongated parts of the body - limbs, face, flat sternum and poorly developed muscles. They correspond to the quality of personality "schizotomics" - isolation, seriousness, stubbornness, people are poorly adapted in the new conditions. For mental disorders, it can be schizophrenia.
  2. Athletics (athletics in the translation of "athletic, skillful") - people of impressive growth, broad chest, strong bones and powerful muscles.Usually, heroic personalities from the epos are described in this way; however, the character traits of the “hero” are not so unambiguous. They were called iskotimikami - possessing a calm character, lack of special impressionability, a penchant for practicality and restraint in facial expressions and gestures, they also have 3 character traits that are far from heroism - authority, negative attitude to changes and poor adaptability to new conditions. With nervous disorders there is a risk of developing epilepsy.
  3. Picnics - (dense, thick) representatives of this group are low, full or have a tendency to gain excess weight, have a large head on a short neck, a broad face, small facial features. This cyclothymics is the main trait of a person’s character in this case - sociability, he is good at making contact, reacts emotionally to any event, and quickly gets used to new conditions. Such people have a tendency during mental disorders to manic-depressive psychosis.

No matter how many characteristics of human traits and qualities, there is no identical character of personality. Of course, there are generalized data, and some points may even coincide with the existing features of temperament.However, each person is a unique creation, a tangle of innate and acquired properties, characteristics, charisma and contradictions. It is only important to remember that everyone forges his own qualities and it is important not to forget about personal growth.

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  • Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description

    Human character: traits and their description