How to store potatoes until spring?
Contrary to popular belief about unpretentiousness, potatoes can quickly deteriorate if they are not properly contained. Therefore, be sure to read the information about storing potatoes before stockpiling for a long time.
Persistent potato varieties
It depends on the type of vegetable how long it will be possible to store potatoes. As a rule, all potatoes are divided into early, mid-season and late. Experienced gardeners notice that late and middle varieties are stored better than the early ones, although they are tastier.
Here is an exemplary list of varieties by ripening time:
- early: “Aurora”, “Pirol”, “Rocco”, “Hostess”, “Ket”;
- middle and late: “Slavyanka”, “The Seagull”, “Yavir”, “Gypsy”, “Atlant”, “Kolobok”.
This does not mean that the storage of potatoes of early varieties is doomed to failure - some summer residents through long-term observations were able to identify those of them that hold up until spring (Nevsky, Scarlett).
It is better to plant several types of plants at once - so you diversify the diet and increase the chances of preserving the crop.
At the cottage and in your house there are much more places for storing potatoes than in the city - it can be a basement or a cellar. In the apartment for this purpose they use a cool dark room, pantry, balcony or loggia.
But the main thing - not even the room that you choose, but the conditions in it.
- First of all, the room needs to be disinfected. To do this, basements can be fumigated with sulfur solution, and in a residential area - use a quartz lamp.
- Be sure to dry the storage location. Each potato box must also be pre-dried in the sun.
Airing is one of the main conditions. If you do not have vent, vents or hoods, try to organize a draft in the room.
Harvesting vegetables for the winter
Where and what potatoes need to be stored, we have already figured out. Now you need to understand how to store potatoes so that from the very autumn until spring it remains edible and suitable for sowing.
The process of harvesting vegetables can be divided into 4 main stages: medicinal, cooling, primary and spring.
At this time, the main preparation of fresh potatoes for wintering takes place.Leave the tubers to dry in the sun for up to 2 hours immediately after digging, and then hide them under a canopy in the fresh air - here they have to lie down for 2 weeks.
During this drying, the potatoes “cure” mechanical damage from digging. The optimal temperature of the treatment period: 13-18 degrees above zero.
After healing, the storage of potatoes proceeds to the next stage - cooling. From 18 degrees of heat you need to gradually lower the air temperature to +2 ° C.
Of course, it is very easy to do this in industrial storages thanks to the heat regulation equipment. In a private house, this will help to make the natural autumn weather, and in the apartment - air conditioning.
In chilled vegetables, vital processes are gradually frozen, after which the potatoes are ready for safe long-term storage.
Choice of storage space
The main storage period of potatoes begins in late autumn and lasts until the spring. At this time, the tubers are at rest - you need to provide them with the correct temperature and light conditions.
The room in which you will store the potatoes must be dark - in the light the vegetable becomes unfit for human consumption.
The temperature in the storage area for potatoes should be stable - not high, but not too low. The best option: 2-4 degrees above zero Celsius.
The desired level of humidity in the room is 85-90%. In drier air, the tubers become soft and wilted, in the more humid they begin to deteriorate.
Preparing for spring planting
This period is important for those who are interested in storing potatoes for planting. Usually, from the end of February, the tubers wake up and begin to germinate. In this case, they can be saved by lowering the air temperature to +1 Celsius at night.
As soon as you want the potatoes to come out of hibernation, bring it out to the fresh spring air.
Potatoes for storage need to be able to correctly not only prepare, but also choose - the video will tell you about this: