How to make croissants at home with and without fillings?
The history of the croissants
Despite the fact that croissants made from puff yeast dough are traditionally considered the property of French cuisine, they were first baked in Vienna, Austria. There they were made in the XIII century. But such baking acquired wide popularity already in the 19th century, when Austrian Augustus Tsang opened a bakery in Paris.
According to one legend, the first croissant was baked after the creation of the Ottoman Empire. When hostile troops laid siege to Vienna, the city continued to "live." Bakers still baked bread. On one of these nights, cooks who were baking fresh buns in the morning suddenly heard the Turks coming closer to Vienna. They managed to warn the army, which stopped the attempt of the Turks to make a tunnel and enter the city. In honor of this, they baked the first fragrant croissant.
But no one knows exactly the technology used by the Austrians. It is also not known whether it was made from yeast or yeast-free dough.Today, these buns are banned in modern Syria. The ban was introduced in 2013 on the initiative of representatives of radical Islamic forces.
In fact, there are other versions of the appearance of the croissant. It is no secret that sometimes such baking is very similar to the crescent, which is a symbol of Islam.
Some historians of culinary art suggest that the world owes the appearance of croissants to the Ukrainian Yuri Kulchitsky, who opened a coffee shop in Vienna. In that cozy place, crescent-shaped buns and Turkish-style coffee were served.
Later, croissants were made in Paris. Thus, these buns won the hearts of the French. Today, at the mere mention of a French breakfast, each person presents aromatic black coffee and freshly baked crispy warm buns. Croissants are baked from puff yeast dough. At the same time they add a variety of fillings.
Bakers have learned to make croissants with a variety of fillings. Among them, the most popular are:
- fruit jam;
- condensed milk;
- butter cream;
- fresh berries;
- ham with cheese;
- Chees Feta.
There are two ways to fill products with filling. You can put the filler before baking, and you can use a pastry syringe to fill the finished bun.
Before serving, you can make interesting decorations, for example, chocolate or caramel scattering. For decoration, powdered sugar, honey, and cream residues are often used. It all depends on the imagination of the cook and the taste preferences of the people for whom this pastry is made.
A simple recipe for homemade croissants
Cooking fragrant, crunchy croissants is easy even at home. In order to speed up and simplify the process, we recommend using ready-made puff pastry, which can be bought in many stores. To buy a successful semi-finished product, you should buy products from manufacturers known to you and pay attention to the composition of the product and shelf life.
Before cooking croissants, the dough, which is sold frozen, should be thawed at room temperature.So, you need the following ingredients:
- puff pastry;
If you plan to make buns with salty stuffing, you should use unleavened dough. For a sweet filling, it is advisable to choose a sweet dough. But you can use unleavened dough, if you could not find a sweet.
Usually semi-finished products are sold in the form of rectangular plates. It is necessary to take a plate from the dough and roll it out a little while retaining the shape. The thickness of the dough should be about 3 millimeters. Then the plate must be cut with a knife into three - four identical rectangles. After that, the rectangles are cut diagonally. The result should be 6 - 8 triangles, from which croissants are formed.
It is necessary to prepare the filling in advance. If you plan to bake buns with the filling, then you need to lay it on the wide edge of the triangle of dough. Then you should wrap the triangle into a roll, starting at the wide edge. As you can see, making croissants is easy. After this, it is necessary to beat the egg well with the addition of a small amount of water and lubricate the buns.Such action will provide a ruddy crust to your croissants. Bake buns must be in a hot-red to 180 - 200 degrees oven. To prevent the products from burning, it is necessary to cover the baking sheet with parchment paper and brush with a small amount of butter or vegetable oil.
You can sprinkle some buns with sugar before you put it in the oven.
Croissants from the finished puff pastry are baked for about 20 to 30 minutes. After the process is complete, they must be removed from the oven and cooled. Hot baking is prohibited to eat, because it is harmful to health. After that, you can decorate the croissants, for example, sprinkle with powdered sugar, pour over caramel, honey, tart with chopped nuts. Undoubtedly, homemade cakes will be much tastier than the shop. The advantage of such a treat is the possibility to make it for breakfast or 30 minutes before the arrival of guests for tea.
Croissants from the finished puff pastry can be prepared at home.Such pastries, which have traditionally been considered French for many years, first appeared in Austria, from where they received their distribution.Today, croissants are baked with a variety of fillings, including not only different types of creams, condensed milk, fruit jams, but also cheeses, mushrooms, ham. The advantage of such flour products is excellent taste and speed of cooking.
Of course, you can buy ready-made croissants, but the most delicious pastries are made in the home kitchen. In addition, you will always be sure of the quality and freshness of the products used. There are two ways to add a filling. The first involves baking with croissants, and the second is adding the filler to the finished bun.