How to help a child with coughing?
Bromhexine is a classic mucolytic agent. Its main effect is the dilution of sputum due to the destruction of complex substances in it. In addition, Bromhexine also significantly increases the activity of the epithelium of the mucous membrane, which contributes to the outflow of sputum from the affected areas. Due to this effect, the safety of the drug is achieved, as indicated by the instructions for use - it does not block the cough and does not stop the production of sputum, like other medicines.
However, such an impact not only makes Bromhexine safe, but also somewhat reduces its effectiveness in the fight against certain diseases. It is recommended to use it only in the absence of productive cough and when breathing is difficult as a result of the accumulation of a large amount of sputum in the bronchi and lungs.
The list of diseases for which Bromhexin is indicated contains the following pathological conditions:
- bronchitis of different nature;
- tracheitis - including obstructive;
- mucoviscidiosis, in which the density of sputum sharply increases, blocking the respiratory tract until it suffocates;
- pneumonia - including bacterial, acute and chronic;
- pulmonary tuberculosis in any stage;
- preparation for operations involving the lungs and other parts of the human respiratory tract.
The most popular dosage form of this product is syrup, which in the version for children contains sweeteners, greatly facilitating the process of taking.Adults are advised to take Bromhexine tablets, which are quickly absorbed and do not contain any side substances that can damage the body, weakened by the disease and treatment. There are also less common forms of release of Bromhexine, which are represented by solutions for inhalation or a concentrated form for injection and intravenous drip.
|Age of child||Drug form||Dosage|
|Up to 2 years||Syrup||2 mg 3 times a day|
|2-6 years||Syrup or solution for inhalation||4 mg 3 times a day|
|6-14 years old||Syrup or tablets||6-8 mg 3 times a day|
|Older than 14 years||Syrup or tablets||8-16 mg 3 times a day|
Due to the fact that the drug can be produced by various manufacturers and have various doses of the active substance, it is advisable to indicate its use in milligrams of the active substance. In particular, adolescents and adults should use 8 milligrams up to three times a day. If only a minor effect is achieved, the instructions for use allow you to double the dose without significant consequences for the body. When acute conditions occur, Bromhexine is applied four times a day under the supervision of a medical professional.
If the child is between 6 and 14 years old, it is worthwhile to reduce the single dose of Bromhexine. If necessary, obtain a more intense therapeutic effect of this indicator increase. For the rest, all the recommendations that are relevant to an adult remain.
At the age of 2 to 6 years, the instructions for use recommend using either a syrup or solution for inhalation to make the use of Bromhexine as easy and pleasant for a child as possible.A single dose is reduced to 4 milligrams. It is forbidden to increase it, since it can lead to an allergic reaction to the drug with dangerous consequences.
Bromhexine is also allowed to be used when the child is less than two years old - however, only syrup is acceptable in this case. Instructions for use recommends giving the child Bromhexine three times a day, ensuring that a single dose of the active substance does not exceed 2 milligrams. Exceeding this dosage is prohibited even in case of exacerbations, and if the baby’s health condition deteriorates, the doctor should decide on the appointment of another form of treatment.
In 99% of cases, Bromhexine is completely safe for the human body, but you need to know when it is prohibited to take it and what undesirable effects it can cause. The most dangerous use of any form of Bromhexine for ulcers of the stomach or intestines. The consequence of this may be the onset of bleeding, leading to a significant deterioration of the body.
The instruction also does not recommend taking Bromhexine at the same time as ingesting vegetable essential oils inside, except for those contained in the preparation as auxiliary substances. If you buy baby syrup, it is better to choose the one that does not include artificial sweeteners, dyes and other means that can damage the child’s body or cause allergic reactions. It is better to use it only in the case when the child refuses to take the drug.
In 0.01% of people there is hypersensitivity to Bromhexine itself or an allergic reaction to this chemical compound - this must also be taken into account before use.
Even if you do not have any contraindications for taking the drug, with prolonged use it may cause side effects.Especially active in this regard is a syrup containing a large number of auxiliary substances. If an allergic reaction occurs as a result of an overdose or an excess of the permissible period of treatment with Bromhexine, a multiplied cough may occur, as well as bronchospasm.
Also, individual sensitivity to the components of the drug manifests itself in the form of lesions on the skin. Consumption with depletion of the body and insufficient quality nutrition often causes severe dizziness, which can reach fainting.
Bromhexine can cause liver dysfunction, which is accompanied by yellowing of the whites of the eyes and significant changes in the analysis of blood and enzymes of the gastric juice.