How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

How to grow peanuts in the country or at home?

Main characteristics and features of culture

Peanut is a plant whose life cycle is only 1 year. It belongs to the legume family, despite the fact that it’s more like nuts and not beans and beans. This plant matures within 3 to 4 months. Climatic conditions primarily affect the ripening period. Planted plant in the spring, when the last frost has receded.

Seeds are peeled fruits of plants that were collected last season. Peanut fruit is a figure-eight bean. It has a light brown or gray color. The shell of the fruit is strong enough. Inside it is two so-called nuts, which we used to see on sale. They should be planted in the ground.

Although this crop will be grown at home or on an industrial scale, it is important to choose the right soil for the plant. The optimal soil for cultivation are:

  • light loam;
  • sands;
  • sandy loam

Peanut seeds for sowingSowing time may vary by region.It is necessary that the soil is warm enough. The optimum temperature for planting is 13-15 degrees.It is important to understand that with the onset of frost and a decrease in temperature on the surface of the earth to 0 degrees, the seeds die. The peanut is considered a heat-loving plant. At home, you can provide additional shelter if the landing is done in a cold spring. The depth of landing should be no more than 10 centimeters. The optimum depth is 6 - 8 centimeters.

The field where peanuts grow does not require much care. During flowering, the plant throws out small flowers of yellow size, which self-pollinate. Fruits form parallel to the ground after selfing. An interesting fact is that a single plant can yield up to 40 beans. At home, it is enough to sow the crop in a small area to get a good harvest.

Fruit harvesting plants

Peanuts grow best in warm climates. Excessive moisture contributes to the fact that rotting can begin and yields will be reduced.For this reason, the culture needs weeding, hilling and loosening the soil. Such procedures will save it from rotting and poor nutrition. In conditions of drying of the soil, it is necessary to ensure moderate watering, which is done after sunset. Three to five days of severe drought lead to the death of the entire crop.

Peanut bush in the groundThe crop ripens in the autumn, at the same time it is harvested. The bush must be uprooted with the fruits, and then left them in the open ground. Such a procedure will allow to dry the beans and protect them from mold. If we talk about industrial scale, then proper care of the crop provides for obtaining 1 - 1.5 tons of crop per 1 hectare of land. Assistance in cleaning can provide a specially designed equipment. It pulls out a bush entirely, shakes off the earth from it and leaves it on the ground for drying.

Peanuts can cause severe allergic reactions. For this reason, it should be used with caution in food to people who have signs of food allergies.

Most often fruits are used in food as a snack or as an additive to confectionery and bakery products.Today peanut butter is widely popular, which is eaten by spreading on toast. Jams are also made from peanuts.

Peanuts - a culture that is of particular value for the food industry. This culture grows in many corners of the globe. The homeland of the plant is South America, so it loves the warm climate and moderate humidity.

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  • How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home

    How to grow peanuts in the country or at home