How to behave when meeting with wild animals
Russia, though not a region of increased risk of meeting with dangerous animals, however, has its own threats. Danger can trap us not only in the remote taiga, but also in the nearby forest.
Meeting with a brown bear in Russia is not such a rarity. The area of its distribution is practically the entire forest zone of the country. It must be remembered that the bear in most cases wants to avoid meeting with the person, but if the meeting has already occurred, then you should not try to guess the mood of the animal. Mimic muscles are poorly developed in bears, and it is impossible to understand what he is up to. If the beast rears up, then this can be caused both by curiosity towards the person and by the intention to scare away the uninvited guest. A fatal mistake can be the use of firearms - you most likely will not be able to kill an animal (if you are not a professional hunter), but only provoke an attack of a wounded and enraged beast.The greatest threat to humans is a bear, if she is with cubs, as well as an animal that you caught off guard. The beast can see in men a threat and attack. In case of a bear approaching, in no case run: throw a backpack or other things in its direction - bears are curious - and you can win precious seconds to leave or climb a tree. If the bear does not lag behind you, then the only thing that you can do is fall down and freeze - the beast, most likely, without causing serious harm, will leave. An encounter with a connecting rod, a bear that has not accumulated enough fat for the winter and got out of its den to hunt, can be extremely dangerous for a person. The advice in this case is one - once again not to walk in the winter forest.
A close encounter with a boar does not bode well for a person. An adult male has impressive dimensions and weighs about 200 kg. A boar can reach speeds of up to 40 km / h, but its fangs are the greatest danger and can cause serious injury to a person. To determine the presence of wild boar can be a specific smell. Usually animals keep in groups: if one individual appears, then others are nearby.If you notice a female with piglets on your way, it is advisable to move as far as possible, giving way to animals. Until the boar senses danger, he will not attack. But if the beast saw a threat in you and decided to attack, you need to know that the boar always goes directly, and therefore you should retreat to the nearest tree as soon as possible, and, if possible, climb on it. Most likely, the animal will rush past and never return.
Elk is one of the largest mammals found on the territory of Russia. The weight of an adult reaches 500 kg. An aggressive or frightened animal only due to its size is a serious danger to a person. The presence of an elk in the forest is indicated by droppings in the form of “peas”, as well as peeled bark at the level of human growth. Noticing a person in the distance, the elk prefers to stand still, waiting for him to pass by. If you suddenly come close to the animal, it is wise to do the same as the moose - to freeze in place. In no case can not make sudden movements or make faces, do not try to run away - that’s just causing aggression in an animal.In a calmly standing person, an elk will not see danger and will quickly leave. A big mistake would be to play around with a moose calf, as well as being between a calf and a moose cow. Aggression from the female will be provided. If you are on the way of a moving moose, then you should know that it runs in the same direction that it was before. The best in this case is to step aside immediately.
Dangerous for humans can be a pack of hungry wolves. A single animal is likely to look at a stranger from afar and run away. Nevertheless, one should not show any interest to the wolf, especially to show aggression towards him. You should be wary of a wolf with a head lowered, a dull look, stubby fur, tail drawn and saliva flowing - this indicates an animal’s rage. Wolves infected with rabies are always lonely and try to keep closer to their homes. If the beast has smelled you, then in no case should you escape: it is better to slowly backtrack without turning your back to the animal. There is a high probability that a mad wolf will attack. Then it is worth risking to reach the nearest shelter, since the sick beast is weakened and will not be able to develop greater speed.If the wolf caught you, then you need to fight off everything that gets under your arm and call for help - the main thing is not to let the animal knock you down.
About 55 species of snakes inhabit the territory of the former USSR, of which only the viper, ef, moth, gyurza and cobra are dangerous. However, this danger can be minimized if you follow simple rules. You need to know that the snake never attacks first. The snake bites only in self-defense, if a person stepped on it or took it by surprise. To avoid an accidental collision with a snake, you must move, creating enough noise: having heard the steps, the snake will crawl away and you will not even know about its presence. Sometimes the snake itself creeps up to a person while he is resting on nature. If you are in this situation, then do not make sudden movements. After some time the snake will crawl away. If the snake bite could not be avoided, you need to monitor their health. Redness in the bite area, fever, headache, and vomiting will be symptoms of a snakebite. In this case, it is optimal to apply a tourniquet, since the extraction of poison from the wound can be effective only in the first seconds after the bite and, most importantly, seek medical help as soon as possible.
The only place in Russia where a person can face the threat posed by a shark is Primorsky Krai. 12 species of sharks inhabit the Russian waters of the Sea of Japan, among which the Great White Shark and the Gray-Blue Shark (mako) are the most dangerous. To avoid meeting the terrible marine predator, you need to follow some simple rules: do not swim in muddy water, stop bathing at night, do not enter the water if there are bleeding wounds, avoid places chosen by fishermen, and if you have already decided to go swimming, it is better to do it where a lot of people. If the meeting with the shark took place, then try not to panic: the chances that the shark will show interest to you are minimal, but until you act to attract her attention by your actions. The golden rule of behavior in this case will be to say: "Hurry slowly!". Escape from the shark is impossible: first, you will awaken her rapacious excitement, and second, it will overtake you in a matter of seconds. It is necessary to swim to the shore in smooth and quiet strokes, if possible without losing sight of the shark. If the shark still wants to attack, it will make it clear by starting to describe gradually narrowing circles around the victim. The predator will report the moment of attack by characteristic arching of the back.When the shark makes a lunge - make a sharp movement, deviating from the course of its attack, after which everyone with hand, at least with his fist, strike her in the most sensitive places - nose, eyes and gills. There are many cases when, after desperate resistance, the shark left its prey. Consoles one. Scientists estimate that the risk of meeting an aggressive shark is 1: 11,500,000.