How is measles in an adult

How does measles go in an adult?

What is measles?

Measles in adults and children has similar manifestations. The causative agent of this infectious viral disease is the RNA virus. It should be understood that this disease is one of the main causes of infant mortality if routine vaccination has not been carried out. The disease is transmitted from person to person by airborne droplets.

In an adult person, measles develops in situations where routine vaccination was not carried out in childhood. It takes place in two stages - when the baby is 12 to 15 months old and at 6 years old.

The first symptoms of measles in adults are very similar to the symptoms of a cold and flu. The temperature rises sharply to 39 - 40 degrees. Moreover, antipyretics do not help reduce it. After that, swelling of the mucous membranes of the eyes and nose develops. Conjunctivitis manifests, a runny nose occurs. Often all he can have a purulent character. It should be understood that the virus affects the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, intestines. In the lungs are wheezing.When examining the oral mucosa, the doctor can diagnose the appearance of light spots, which indicate that a person does not have a cold, but measles. The medical name for this symptom is the Belsky-Filatov-Koplika stain. They occur a day after the onset of the disease.

A rash on the face and neck of a girlAfter 2 - 3 days, an improvement may occur, which indicates the end of the catarrhal stage of the disease. However, on day 5, the temperature rises again to 40 degrees, and a specific rash appears on the skin. There comes a stage of rash.Bright red spots appear on the face, scalp, after which they spread to the torso, upper and lower extremities.Spots can merge into larger ones. Usually this stage lasts no more than 10 days.

After such a state comes the stage of recovery. Body temperature is normalized, peeling of skin in the area of ​​rashes is observed. Sometimes in their place are formed bleeding ulcers, which soon pass. It should be understood that measles can be fatal. For this reason, vaccination is carried out in childhood against this disease.If the disease has developed in an adult vaccinated by all the rules, this indicates a pathological state of the immune system.

What is the difference between measles in adults?

Measles, like chickenpox, is much more difficult in adults. Usually the treatment is carried out in the hospital due to the high probability of complications. The temperature may rise even higher than 40 degrees. The disease develops rapidly. Immediately after the first signs appear, the adult needs bed rest.

Doctor examines a man with measlesIt is characteristic that a much more rash appears on the skin of an adult than in a baby. The disease contributes to a sharp decrease in immunity, against the background of which other disorders can develop. Among them - acute pharyngitis, laryngitis, bronchitis. Sometimes pneumonia and meningoencephalitis develops. In children, complications are also not uncommon, but they pose the greatest danger to adults. For this reason, treatment is needed, which will be directed at combating complications.

Among other complications, the most common are:

  • sinusitis;
  • stomatitis
  • purulent tonsillitis;
  • enterocolitis;
  • hepatitis;
  • multiple sclerosis;
  • pyelonephritis.

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Measles prevention and treatment

The main preventive measure is measles vaccination in adults. It is compatible with other varicella, rubella and mumps vaccines. Vaccination is carried out in two stages. In most cases, only one vaccination is sufficient, but in 15% of children and adults, a single vaccination does not form a stable immunity against measles. There are no other effective preventive measures. Upon contact with the virus, even the strongest immunity in humans develops measles. In addition, it is important to note that the pathogen is transported by air over long distances, and it is resistant to the external environment.

There is no cure for measles. Treatment should be symptomatic.

In many ways, it depends on what are the signs of the disease. If the mucous membrane of the eyes is affected by conjunctivitis, the doctor usually prescribes special drops, for example, Levomitsetin, and washing the eyes with black tea brewing or furatsilina solution. It is mandatory to prescribe a heavy drink, which is able to slightly lower the temperature and reduce the intoxication of the body.If wheezing is heard in the lungs, it is attributed to expectorant drugs and herbal teas, which are directed against bronchitis and pneumonia. Aspirin, Nimesil, Paracetamol and analgesics can deal with a headache.

Delaxin PowderThere is a powder - Delaskin. From it prepare a solution that is used for washing the skin. This procedure is used against itching. Washing the mouth and throat with infusions of oak, chamomile, eucalyptus bark have a beneficial effect. In acute manifestations of angina, Lugol's solution is prescribed, chlorhexidine. If there are various complications, doctors prescribe broad-spectrum antibiotics that help to cope with co-infections.

Vaccination against measles is the only reliable method to prevent this serious illness. It affects children and adults, regardless of the strength of immunity. Contact with the virus in 100% of cases occurs the development of the disease. In adults, measles is much more difficult. For this reason, the person needs immediate hospitalization. The disease has a high mortality rate among patients.Before mass vaccination, every fifth child died of complications.

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  • How is measles in an adult

    How is measles in an adult

    How is measles in an adult

    How is measles in an adult

    How is measles in an adult

    How is measles in an adult

    How is measles in an adult

    How is measles in an adult

    How is measles in an adult

    How is measles in an adult

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