Beria - the son of misfortune
The Old Testament mentions the birth of a certain Beria, the son of the ancestor of one of the two "half-cures" of Israel (the descendants of Ephraim and Manasseh). He was born after the elder brothers died in tribal fighting.
Born in family grief
In the first book of Chronicles (that is, in the chronicles or chronicles) the story of the sons of Ephraim - the grandson of the very Israel, in whose honor God's chosen people was named - is told. Ephraimites coexisted with their original enemies — the Philistines, descendants of Ham (one of Noah’s sons).
Once the sons of Ephraim tried to capture the herds of animals belonging to the inhabitants of Gath. This ancient city of the Philistines was the birthplace of giants, nicknamed in the Bible "sons of Anak" (descendants of the strong man Enak). To them belonged and the huge Goliath, who died during a fight with the future king David.
Since the forces were very unequal, this raid ended pitifully for the Ephraimites themselves. “And their inhabitants of Gath, the natives of the land, killed them, because they went to seize their flocks. And Ephraim, their father, wept for them many days, and his brothers came to console him.Then he went in to his wife, and she conceived and bore a son, and he called his name Beria, because his house had befallen unhappiness. ” (1st Par. 7: 21-23)
As the further fate of the “son of misfortune”, who lived 16 centuries before Christ, was formed, the Bible is silent. It is only known that other representatives of the biblical people bore this name: the son of Asher (who was the uncle of Ephraim and the 8th son of Israel), as well as the son of Elpaal (a descendant of the tribe of Benjamin).
Legendary marshal or terrible bloodsucker?
After three and a half thousand years, the “son of misfortune” entered our history (Soviet). Only this time, under the name Beria. Until now, it remains a mystery to many: who really was Lavrenty Pavlovich - the legendary marshal who raised the defense industry and was at the origin of the atomic bomb, or a terrible bloodsucker, at the direction of whom many people died?
In the mass (Soviet and post-Soviet) consciousness, this comrade of the “leader of nations” was remembered as the head of the notorious People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs — the punitive body, especially “famous” during the repressions of 1933-1937. In fact, the “dear comrade Beria” for the first time headed the NKVD only on the scale of the Georgian SSR (April 1927).- December 1930), that is, before the start of the repressions mentioned, and his second coming to the NKVD (already in Moscow) was associated with their recession.
The remaining seven years, Lawrence Pavlovich dedicated to the State Committee of Defense, where under his leadership created an atomic bomb. And after Stalin’s death, he became Deputy Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers and headed the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
Strangely enough, still few people know that it was at the initiative of Beria that the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU in March 1953 approved the decree “On Amnesty”. More than a million people were to be released from detention centers, and the investigation into 401,000 suspects was also to be terminated.
However, soon the "star" of the former ally of Stalin began to decline. The cause is the power struggle. The former colleague of Stalin quickly gained strength: the newly formed ministry united the previously existing Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Ministry of State Security (Ministry of State Security). In a very short time, the police leaders were replaced in all the Union republics and most regions of the RSFSR, and the new “appointees” made personnel castling in the middle sections of the Interior Ministry.
The imperious appetites of Beria harshly suppressed the team of another candidate for leadership in the country.Soon, Lawrence Pavlovich was arrested and shot on charges of all sorts of crimes (from espionage to repression).
Lawrence case is still "living" ...
The controversy about Lawrence Pavlovich, as well as about the Soviet era itself, which he represented, still does not stop.
If earlier in the media they tried in every way to denigrate Stalin’s close associates (as well as himself), today there are tendencies towards their justification.
In June 2014, a documentary was shown in Russia that Beria was killed by order of Khrushchev. A short film about “what a guy he was” was presented on YouTube.
There are also many interesting (and even sensational) materials about the “slandered marshal” on the Internet. Even a photocopy of the criminal case fabricated at the direction of the Khrushchev party nomenclature is even cited as a material evidence.
However, all these attempts to justify the “son of misfortune” are somewhat reminiscent of the crying of the biblical Ephraim about their sons who died because of their own greed. Is it time to learn from this?