Archaeological discovery of the year - the lost Mayan cities
Jungle, how much unknown they still conceal in themselves? Last year, scientists discovered more than four hundred new species of flora and fauna in the Amazon jungle. And this year, Slovenian archaeologists have made an amazing discovery in the jungles of Mexico. They found the "gaping throat of a disgusting monster." Want to know what it is, read about the lost cities of the Maya.
1. A group of archaeologists from Slovenia, led by Professor Ivan Šprajc, discovered two lost, legendary ancient Mayan cities in the heart of the Mexican jungle. (Photo: zrc-sazu.si site).
2. Scientists have long been unsuccessfully trying to find traces of Maya in the south-east of the Mexican state of Campeche. Step by step, they were combing the jungle, and this was not an easy task: they had to cut their way through the dense thickets with the help of a machete. The expedition lasted about 2 months. (Photo: zrc-sazu.si site).
3. The settlements were so overgrown and covered, that for centuries they remained invisible to all who sought them.Two ancient cities - Lagunita and Tamechen - managed to find thanks to scientists from the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts. It is believed that both cities experienced their heyday in about 600 - 1000 years of our era. (Photo: zrc-sazu.si site).
4. Before the eyes of archaeologists, temples appeared in the form of pyramids, palaces, altars, huge wads called “the gaping throats of a disgusting monster”, and also stone monuments with hieroglyphic inscriptions. All these objects have yet to be thoroughly studied by researchers. (Photo: zrc-sazu.si site).
5. One of the two settlements in the 70s was found by an American archaeologist named Eric Von Euw. He documented several stone monuments and a spectacular facade with an entrance in the shape of a monster's throaty throat. But the results of his work were never published, and the drawings are kept in the Peabody Museum of Archeology and Ethnology at Harvard University in the USA. (Photo: zrc-sazu.si site).
6. However, the exact location of the site, which Eric Von Euw called Lagunita, was not described and for many years it remained unknown. For many years, these settlements unsuccessfully tried to find a few dozen researchers. And only a couple of weeks ago, Slovenian archaeologists succeeded. (Photo: zrc-sazu.si site).
7“Information about the settlement of Lagunita was vague and completely useless. In the jungle, you can be just a few tens of meters from the big city and do not even suspect that you are here. Everywhere there are small hills, but they do not give you any clues as to where the center may be, ”said Professor Ivan Spreitz in an interview with Discovery News. (Photo: zrc-sazu.si site).
8. “We found settlements only thanks to aerial photography. When we compared what we see in the pictures with the drawings of Erica Von Euwa, we realized that we had found what we were looking for, ”said Ivan Spreits. (Photo: zrc-sazu.si site).
9. Researchers concluded that these two cities were abandoned in the year 1000 of our era. Some finds tend to lead scientists to the conclusion that in these cities the Mayans lived another 300-250 years BC. (Photo: zrc-sazu.si site).
10. Of course, the archeologists were most impressed by the gate (pictured), described in 1970 as the “gaping throat of a disgusting monster” because of the characteristic pattern on them. “These doors symbolize the entrance to the cave, to the water world, the places of origin of corn and the mythological abode of the ancestors,” explains Spreitz. “Most likely, they were built in honor of the fertility deities,” he adds. (Photo: zrc-sazu.si site).
eleven.Scientists believe that thanks to this discovery, it will be possible to more deeply study the ancient Mayan civilization. (Photo: zrc-sazu.si site).
12. In the photo: the layout of the newly discovered Mayan ancient settlements (Photo: zrc-sazu.si site).