Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

The first case of the hijacking of an aircraft that was widely publicized happened in 1970. On October 15, the father and son of Brazinskas captured an AN-24 aircraft and killed the stewardess, forced the pilots to sit in Turkey. Today I want to tell you about a few more hijackings of airplanes in the USSR.

1

Hijacked An-24

On October 15, 1970, the Aeroflot An-24 made a flight from Batumi to Krasnodar. On board at that time were 46 passengers. Pranas Brazinskas, who worked as a storekeeper in Vilnius and his 13-year-old son, Algirdas, sat in the front row. Both had edges.

A few minutes after takeoff, Pranas Brazinskas, who, by the way, had a criminal record, called the flight attendant and demanded to turn the plane and land it in Turkey. For failure to comply with the order, the hijackers threatened death.

2

Stewardess Nadezhda Kurchenko

19-year-old stewardess Nadezhda Kurchenko shouted "attack", but was shot in the heart. Later Nadezhda Kurchenko was posthumously awarded the Order of the Red Banner, and streets and schools were named after her.

The bandits broke into the pilots and started shooting in different directions.

- Bullets were flying from the cab. One walked through my hair, ”says Vladimir Gavrilovich Merenkov from Leningrad. He and his wife in 1970 were passengers of the ill-fated voyage. - I saw: the bandits had pistols, a hunting rifle, one grenade from the elder hung on his chest. (...) The plane was thrown left-right - the pilots probably hoped that the criminals would not stand on their feet.

Shooting continued in the cockpit. There then there will be 18 holes, and a total of 24 bullets were fired. One of the bullets interrupted the commander of the crew spine, as a result of his paralyzed legs. The pilots still managed to turn on the SOS signal.

3

The navigator was injured in the lung, arm, shoulder. The injured crew members were forced to land the plane in Turkish Trabzon.

Georgy Chakhrakiya - I told the bandits: “I’m injured, my legs paralyzed. Only hands can manage. The co-pilot should help me, ”the gangster replied,“ Everything happens in war. We can die. " It even flashed the thought of sending “Annushka” to the rocks - to die and finish off the bastards. But in the cabin forty-four people, including seventeen women and one child.

I told the second pilot: “If I lose consciousness, lead the ship at the request of the bandits and land. We must save the plane and passengers! We tried to land on Soviet territory, in Kobuleti, where there was a military airfield. But the hijacker, when he saw where I was directing the car, warned that he would shoot me and blow up the ship. I decided to cross the border. And in five minutes we crossed it at a low altitude.

In October 1970, the USSR demanded that Turkey immediately extradite the criminals, but this requirement was not met. The Turks themselves decided to judge the hijackers. The hijackers were convicted of hijacking and murder, but after four years they were released under an amnesty. Later they lived in the USA.

In 2002, Pranas Brazinskas was killed by his own son in California.

4

Capture of Tu-134 in Ufa

On September 20, 1986, two deserting soldiers at the airport of Ufa captured a Tu-154 aircraft. All the terrorists served in the same part of the internal troops stationed in Ufa.

The soldiers received special training as part of the Nabat plan, which was put into effect when the terrorists seized the plane, so they were sure that they could hijack the plane abroad.Deserters seized a taxi car with a driver. Threatening him with a machine gun, they drove to the traffic police post. Stopping not far from him, they realized that they could not drive it.

Then they decided to take over the car "UAZ". To this end, they began to wait. However, soon the deserters saw the “UAZ” of the patrol militia group approaching them, following their usual route. All three opened fire. Two policemen who were sitting in the "UAZ" were killed on the spot. One of the deserters ran away. Two decided to continue their plans.

After reaching the airport, Matsnev and Yagmurji made their way into the airfield through a drainage channel. When they saw the Tu-134 aircraft standing there, following the Kiev-Ufa-Nizhnevartovsk route, which sat down for refueling, they headed towards it. Popping into the cabin of the aircraft, they announced the seizure, and forced to issue a weapon to the crew of the vessel. The deserters were held hostage by 81 people, including 5 crew members and 76 passengers.

Deserters demanded an immediate take-off of the aircraft and departure abroad. However, under various pretexts, the pilots dragged on the time it took for the A group of the KGB of the USSR and the internal troops to arrive on the plane.Realizing that no one would fulfill their demands, two soldiers decided to commit suicide. They demanded potent narcotic drugs and, when they were given them, took them in large doses.

Yagmurji fainted, and Matsnev, already an experienced drug addict by that time, no. Matsnev began to rush through the cabin. He allowed all passengers and flight attendants to leave. When they came out, the assault began. During the assault, Matsnev tried to open fire from a machine gun, but was killed outright. One of the bullets crushed the leg of an unconscious Yagmurji. Subsequently, he amputated it. The whole operation to free the aircraft took no more than six seconds.

In the case, six people were arrested, including Konoval, Yagmurji and four soldiers for concealing a crime. The military tribunal sentenced Sergei Yagmurji, who was left without one leg, to the death penalty - execution. Konoval, who did not take part in the seizure of the aircraft, received 10 years in prison.

The remaining four were sentenced to various terms of imprisonment from 2 to 6 years.

5

Hijacking a MiG-29 fighter to Turkey

On the night of May 20, 1989, Captain Alexander Zuev was on duty for the reception and production of aircraft.He announced to all pilots and technicians who were on duty that he had a son (in fact, his son's birth occurred several days later), and on this occasion he treated everyone with a specially prepared cake, to which a large dose of sleeping pills was added.

6

At this time there was a change of sentries at the aircraft on duty, and the post was taken over by a mechanic who could not wake any of his comrades. Zuev tried to disarm the mechanic, failed, shot him with a pistol and wounded him, but he himself was wounded in the arm when the mechanic opened fire. The aircraft on duty were almost completely ready for departure, and Zuev took off on one of them.

After takeoff, he was going to shoot other planes of the duty link from the air cannon so that they would not be intercepted, but he failed because he forgot to remove one of the two locks from the gun.

7

Zuev hijacked a plane to Trabzon (Turkey). In Turkey, he was convicted on charges of hijacking and acquitted, considering that his actions were political in nature. The Turkish authorities promptly returned the plane to the Soviet Union. Zuev received political asylum in the United States.Later, he was a consultant to the US Air Force before the start of the military operation “Desert Storm”.

In memory of the “Bure in the Desert”: US military pilots Nick Mongillo and Chuck McGill with their main tactical consultant Zuev.

8

Mig-25 hijacking

On September 6, 1976, a Soviet defector-defector hijacked the MiG-25 interceptor, in which he flew to Japan. He later received political asylum in the United States.

9

Belenko flew from the airfield Sokolovka Primorsky Krai to perform flight exercises. Later, the MiG-25P aircraft landed at Hakodate Airport (Hokkaido Island). Subsequently, the Japanese authorities made an official notice that Belenko had asked for political asylum. September 9, he was taken to the United States.

10

However, there is another version according to which the traitor was not. He just had to land in Japan. Eyewitnesses say that the lieutenant shot in the air from a pistol, not allowing anyone to the car and demanding to cover it. However, the investigation took into account the behavior of the pilot in everyday life, and the manner of his flight.

11

The conclusion was unequivocal - the landing on the territory of the enemy state was deliberate.Belenko himself was crazy about life in America, he even cat food preserved seemed tastier than those that were sold in his homeland.

From official statements it is difficult to assess the consequences of that escape, the moral and political damage can be ignored, but the material damage was estimated at 2 billion rubles. Indeed, in the USSR it was necessary to hastily change all the equipment of the recognition of "friend or foe".

12

Ovechkin family

On March 8, 1988, in the USSR, the Ovechkin family captured a passenger plane. The family consisted of seven brothers: the musicians of the jazz band “Seven Simeonov”, their mother and sisters.
The hijackers, threatening with weapons and a bomb, demanded that the plane be sent to London. The crew convinced the hijackers that need refueling aircraft. In fact, the plane was landed at the military airfield "Veshchevo" in the Leningrad region.

13

Ovechkin said that this is Finland. The hijackers saw the soldiers in the Soviet uniform. Realizing that they were deceived, they shot the stewardess. At this time, the capture group entered the plane through the cockpit and luggage compartment and began the assault. Having decided to commit suicide, the brothers detonated a bomb, but only one of the brothers died from the explosion.

14

The rest of the family was shot by the elder brother, after which he shot himself. Only small children survived, the 28-year-old Olga Ovechkina and the 17-year-old Igor Ovechkin.

On September 6, 1988, the trial of the surviving family members, Igor and Olga Ovechkin, began in Irkutsk, because only they were subject to criminal liability by age. It turned out that Olga was against the hijacking and tried to prevent him to the last. She was given 6 years of imprisonment, Igor - 8 years (they served only half of their terms). During the capture and trial, Olga was pregnant and gave birth to a daughter in custody.

15

Only Lyudmila Ovechkina escaped the trial, as she had been married long before the capture and left the family. About capture did not know anything. The juvenile Ovechkin court was placed under her care, despite the fact that she had three children of her own.

16

In 1999, based on the history of the Ovechkin family, the feature film “Mama” was shot. The names of the actors (instead of Ovechkin - Yuriev), the name of the ensemble (instead of “Seven Simeon” - “Merry family”), the number of children, the essential circumstances of the capture of the aircraft and the storming were changed.In general, the plot of the film has a distant relation to reality.

Ovechkin did not like the film.

17

Hijacking a Tu-154 to Pakistan

On August 19, 1990, a Tu-154 plane was hijacked by prisoners from the temporary detention center of the city of Neryungri. The hijackers demanded to send a plane to Pakistan.

15 prisoners were transported to the city of Yakutsk by plane Tu-154. Five minutes later, the signal to the commander of the aircraft received a "dangerous" signal. The terrorists managed to carry an aircraft on board the aircraft, which was handed over to the bandits by one of the friends of the hijackers leader. For the bomb, they gave out a piece of laundry soap.

18

The prisoners took passengers and 3 police escorts as hostages, taking their weapons from them.

On the afternoon of August 19, the plane again landed in Neryungri. The terrorists demanded machine guns, radios and parachutes. On the evening of August 19, the plane flew to the city of Krasnoyarsk, and landed at Tashkent at 11 pm in Moscow. Four hijackers, who had lightly charged articles of the prosecution, preferred to surrender to the authorities and remain in the USSR.

On August 20, an airplane with 36 hostages and 11 terrorists left aboard flew to Pakistan, where it landed in the city of Karachi. After landing at the airport in Pakistan, the hijackers were arrested. Later they were convicted. All terrorists were sentenced to death.Two prisoners hanged themselves in prison, one died of heat stroke.

In 1991, the death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. The gangsters themselves filed appeals for their return to the USSR, but they were denied. In September 1998, terrorists were pardoned in honor of the 50th anniversary of Pakistan’s independence.

Two natives of Ukraine remained in Pakistan. 6 hijackers were issued to Russia. The court of Yakutia issued them the most severe sentence - 15 years imprisonment.

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  • Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union

    Airplane hijackings in the Soviet Union