Ah, these white mushrooms: where to find you and how not to be confused with poison?
White mushrooms are also called boletus mushrooms (because they belong to the genus Boletus), and among the people they are called true mushrooms. And also belevik, pan, expensive mushroom and even a cowshed. These are edible tubular mushrooms, which stand out favorably against the rest of their fellows with their lush beauty.
Walking with pleasure and not without benefit: where do white mushrooms grow?
A hike in the woods for mushrooms is an excellent autumn entertainment, from which it blows with a special color - bright colors, bright sadness, peace of mind ... And the boletus is also an excellent delicacy! But in order to try it, it is not necessary to wait for a melancholic autumn with its fading plants.
Large drops of rain fall on the hot earth. Rustling fast-moving warm showers. Romantic foggy nights with sweetness are flowing. The summer still pleases with gentle warmth, but it already gives it poorly ... The second half of August is the time with perfect weather for the white fungus. Although its season lasts from June to the end of September.
Depending on the conditions of the environment in which it grows, the boletus can be significantly modified. But in any case, you will spot it, because the white-haired man always looks like an elegant big handsome man. But be careful: there are also false white mushrooms.
So where does the white mushroom grow? They can be found almost anywhere in the world. The only exception is Australia. And in choosing the habitat, the boletus is not particularly capricious. It is best for him in the old forests where there are lichens and mosses. But also a boletus can grow from sandy, sandy and loamy soils.
So here you are, white mushroom: photo and description
Their usual habitat is fir and spruce forests. Here the dry and smooth hat of the “pan”, which proudly rises on a long, extended downward leg, acquires a brown color with a chestnut or reddish subtone. Also, white mushrooms are often found in oak forests.
Here their hat becomes very light, but with a gray tint. These boletuses are called oak. But in birch groves you will find aristocratic white mushrooms of almost perfect snow-white color.But among the pines, the cap of this mushroom increases and becomes dark in color with a purple undertone and brown-red flesh.
But, as usual, the most beautiful and colorful specimens are rare plants. Imagine there are bright yellow, orange-red, purple and light bronze boletus, but their day with fire can not be found! But why then was the mushroom called white?
Riddle of the white mushroom
It is strange that with all the variety of colors, the boletus was still called a white mushroom. Moreover, no one will reveal this mystery to you. One can only guess - and many hypotheses. But there is one more or less adequate version. And here everything is just practical and without any mysticism.
The point here is not in a hat, but in the white flesh - it retains its light color during processing. But all the other mushrooms, on the contrary, during cooking become dark or brown.
Also beautiful, but poisonous. False cep
Another catch of the boletus is that it has a dangerous twin - a false white mushroom. He is so poisonous that even awarded the terrible name - gall mushroom. But if you look closely, it can be easily distinguished from a tasty congener on three grounds: the tubular layer has a dirty pink color, the leg is decorated with a dark grid pattern,and the flesh tastes bitter.
Of course, it is better not to try it, but if suddenly you cook white mushrooms, and they will give bitter taste, then immediately give up this dish.
Another mushroom with a terrible epithet in the title is satanic, it can also claim to be a false white mushroom. He just loves moisture, so it is found in damp forests. You can recognize the “Satan” unconditionally, if you make a cut, the flesh will quickly turn blue.
What white mushrooms are delicious and healthy!
Contrary to the wide distribution and large catchy forms, white fungus is not so easy to find. He knows how to hide well and disguise. But we are not looking for easy ways, especially since the detective search for luxurious booty is also an interesting adventure.
And if you have already found this mushroom, then it is necessary to pick only “adults”, so to speak, mature specimens. This can be judged by the cap - in diameter it should reach four centimeters.
But in order for it to turn into a worthy delicacy, the boletus should immediately be subjected to special treatment. Otherwise, ten hours after the cut, it loses its useful properties. But believe me, it is worth all this effort.
Boiled, fried, dried and frozen - in different variations on the basis of white mushrooms you can cook a lot of excellent dishes (though far from non-dietary - boletus are high in calories). For example, it is especially appreciated in Italian cuisine, and it is skillfully used even raw for salads. According to the classics, white mushrooms are combined with potatoes.