About Burlakah

About "Burlaka"

5040496_original

1. The shoreline - trampled coastal strip, along which the boatmen went. Emperor Pavel forbade building fences and buildings here, but he limited himself to this. Neither bushes, nor stones, nor swampy places were removed from the path of barge haulers, so the place written by Repin can be considered an ideal stretch of road.

2. The bump is the brigadier of the haulers. They became a clever, strong and experienced person who knew a lot of songs. In the artel, which Repin captured, the cone was pop-defrocked Kanin (the sketches were preserved, where the artist indicated the names of some characters). The brigadier calixed, that is, he fastened his strap in front of everyone and set the rhythm of the movement. Each step was made by barge haulers synchronously from the right leg, then pulling up the left. From this the whole gang rocked on the move. If someone missed a step, people would come across their shoulders, and the lump would give the command “hay - straw”, resuming movement in the leg. To maintain the rhythm on the narrow paths above the cliffs, the brigadier required great skill.

3. Podshishelnye - the closest helpers of the cones, smack on the right and left of it To the left of Kanin goes Ilka the sailor — the artel elder, who bought the provisions and issued the salary to the haulers. At the time of Repin, it was small - 30 kopecks per day.So much, for example, cost to cross the whole Moscow in a cab, driving from Znamenka to Lefortovo. Behind the collar were those who needed special control.

4. “Bonded,” like a man with a pipe, still at the beginning of his journey, managed to squander his salary for the entire flight. Being indebted to the artel, they worked for grubs and did not really try.

5. The cook and the Falcon warden (that is, responsible for the cleanliness of the latrine on the ship) was the youngest of the barge haulers — the village boy Larka, who experienced real hazing. Considering his duties more than sufficient, Larka was sometimes scandalous and defiantly refused to pull the strap.

6. In each artel came across and just careless, like this man with a pouch. On occasion, they were not averse to shifting some of the burden onto the shoulders of others.

7. Behind were the most conscientious barge haulers, who had urged hackers.

8. Inert or inert - the so-called barge haul, which closed the movement. He made sure that the string did not cling to stones and bushes on the shore. Kosny used to look at his feet and stand apart in order to be able to walk at his own pace. They chose experienced ones who were sick or weak.

9. Bark - a kind of barque.Elton salt, Caspian fish and seals fat, Ural iron and Persian goods (cotton, silk, rice, dried fruits) were carried on such upward along the Volga. Artel recruited by weight laden ship at the rate of about 250 pounds per person. The cargo that pulls up the river 11 barge haulers weighs at least 40 tons.

10. Flag - the order of the stripes on the national flag was not treated very carefully and often raised flags and pennants upside down, as here.

11. Pilot - a man on the steering wheel, actually the captain of the ship. He earns more than the entire artel, taken together, gives instructions to the barge haulers and maneuvers both the steering wheel and the units regulating the length of the string. Now the bark makes a turn, bypassing the stranded.

12. Becheva - cable, which chalyat barge haulers. While the barge was being led along the krutoyar, that is, at the very coast, the line was etched at 30 meters. But the pilot weakened it, the bark departs from the coast. In a minute the string will stretch like a string, and the haulers will have to hold the inertia of the vessel first, and then pull with all their might. At this moment the lump will tighten the melody: “Here they went and they led, / with the Right-Left stepped. / Oh, once more, / Once more, once more ... ”and so on.until the artel howl in rhythm and will not move forward.

13. Vodoliv - a carpenter who caulks and repairs a ship, monitors the safety of the goods, and is liable for them during loading and unloading. Under the contract, he has no right to leave the rasshivu during the voyage and replaces the owner, directing on his behalf.

14. The sail was raised with a fair wind, then the ship was much easier and faster. Now the sail has been removed, and the wind is heading, so that the haulers are harder to walk and they are not able to take a big step.

15. Carving on the bark. From the 16th century, it was customary to decorate the Volga bark with intricate carvings. It was believed that it helps the ship to rise against the tide. The best experts in clumsy work in the country were engaged in exactly the beatings. When in the 1870s steamers pushed wooden barges off the river, craftsmen wandered off in search of a living, and in the wooden architecture of Central Russia came the thirty-year epoch of magnificent carved platbands. Later, the thread requiring high qualification, gave way to a more primitive cutting on the stencil.

Related news

  • How to choose plastic windows and enjoy the comfort for many years
  • Shots of Bobby Mendrapa
  • We grow thin on vegetables and fruit
  • Effective ways to help get rid of glue on the skin and clothing
  • What feed predators in the zoo and what vivarium

  • About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah

    About Burlakah