5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

May 11 will be 25 years old as perhaps the most famous and most important Soviet spy in history, Kim Philby, died. Anathematized in his homeland in Great Britain, the ideological communist Philby did everything so that the leadership of our country knew all intentions against it in the war and post-war periods. By the date of his death, we chose the top five most important for our country intelligence. Just start with Philby.

Kim philby
philby
The son of one of the most famous British Arabists, Harry St. John, a distant relative of the famous Marshal Montgomery, held the highest position of all who worked for us - from 1941 working as deputy chief of British counterintelligence. The “biggest mole” in the history of Great Britain, codenamed Stanley, uninterruptedly supplied all relevant information from the Western leadership until the early 50s, when suspicion of espionage began to fall on him.The double life could not remain a secret forever, so the representative of the "blue bloods" who had already worked in MI6 in 1963 had to flee to the Soviet Union, where, until his death in 1988, he lived in a modest Moscow apartment. Naturally, before the “perestroika”, there could be no question of his extradition to Britain, and when it came, the Western-minded Gorbachev refused all the same: “Pity the elderly person”. Philby died at the age of 76 years. After 2 years in our country were issued postage stamps with his photo.

Donald Macklin
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The aforementioned Philby was in the so-called "Cambridge Five" - ​​this was the name given to a group of high-ranking Britons who worked for the Soviet Union. Donald McLean was one of the five (except for him and Philby there included Guy Burgess, Anthony Blunt and John Cairncross). Working in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, he brought the greatest benefit to the USSR during the Second World War and a little later. Under the code name Homer, he passed many secret documents, minutes of meetings of the cabinet of ministers, and most importantly documents relating to atomic weapons. They played a role in the emergence of similar weapons with us.He fled to the USSR in 1955 and lived in Moscow until his death in 1983. Like Philby before getting here idealized our country. They say that when he was confronted with reality, he began to drink heavily, but then he got rid of this habit. By the way, the actor Rupert Everett (remember the films “The Wedding of the Best Friend”, “The Shakespeare in Love” and Grigory Melekhov in The Quiet Don by Sergey Brndarchuk?) Is his great-nephew.

Rudolf Abel
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Another British, whose real name is William G. Fisher. Without it, the creation of an atomic bomb would have been impossible. The peak of his work came in the postwar period. While living in New York, he led the Soviet network of agents. Everything was going fine until 1957, when his assistant take it and hand it over to the Americans. Abel was arrested and then sentenced to a 32-year prison term. But in 1962 he was exchanged for the American spy pilot Francis Powers, who was shot down over the Sverdlovsk region. He died in 1971 in Moscow.

Heinz Velfe
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The most important Soviet spy in West Germany. It is curious that they became the former SS oberschurmführer, and in childhood he was a member of the Hitler Youth.After the Second World War, he first worked for the British MI-6, and when he got a job in the Federal Intelligence Service of the Federal Republic of Germany, he began working for the USSR and thanks to Velfe in the entire history there was not a single failure of the Soviet intelligence. Over the years of service, he handed over 15 thousand documents and revealed the names of one hundred CIA agents. In 1961 he was arrested and sentenced to 14 years, but in 1969 the KGB exchanged him for 21 Western agents. After graduation, Velfe worked in Moscow, and then returned to Germany, where he lived until his death in 2008. By the way, shortly before this, the FSB of Russia sent him congratulations on his 90th birthday.

Richard Sorge
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The name of this intelligence officer is known to our people most of all. Because it is, firstly, beautiful, and secondly, his life is fanned by some mystery. You can even say that we have a lot of mythologizing it. By the way, the real name and thanks to the German father who worked in Baku during the days of Tsarist Russia. As a child, Richard moved to Berlin with his family, and when the draft age approached, he fought for Germany in the First World War, for which he earned the Iron Cross of the 2nd class.

After the war he joined the Communist Party, but afteras in Germany, it was banned - moved to the USSR. He is sent to work first in China, then in Japan under the guise of a correspondent. By the way, he escaped death there. In the late 1930s, purges began in the intelligence services of the Soviet Union and Sorge was summoned by telegram to Moscow, but he simply did not comply with this order, although he continued to supply secret information. In 1940, he became press officer of the German Embassy in Japan. And it was while in this position that he sent to our country a lot of evidence that Germany would definitely attack the USSR. True, his information was not always taken seriously because he always called a different date of attack, starting in March and ending in June.

In our historiography and culture there is an opinion that it was Zorge who reported the exact date of the attack - June 22. But many consider this to be an untruth and the main feature of the mythologization of Sorge’s image in society. In October 1941, he was arrested and sentenced to death. Adolf Hitler was so shocked by the fact that the press attache of his country's embassy in the country accused his ally of espionage that he asked Japan to extradite to Sorge Germany, but they refused and in 1944 executed him.For exactly 20 years, the USSR in every possible way repudiated Zorge that he was our spy, but in 1964 he confessed and was posthumously awarded the Order of the Hero of the Soviet Union.

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  • 5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR

    5 most famous foreign spies working for the USSR