25 facts about Syria

25 facts about Syria

0071. The capital of Damascus - the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world. Estimates of his age vary from 4,000 to 10,000 years. Perhaps only one city is older than it - the Palestinian Jericho. In Syria, there is another city with more than 4,000 years of history - Aleppo.

2. In Damascus and Aleppo preserved entire neighborhoods, houses in which more than 400 years, and some streets are designed in antiquity. Straight Street is mentioned in the Bible. In Damascus, you can find Roman fortifications, Byzantine temples and the oldest Arab mosques erected on ancient temples (for example, the minaret of Isa (Jesus) on the ancient temple of Jupiter). The oldest Christian church is the underground chapel of St. Ananias (I century).

3. Aleppo (second name Aleppo) is the largest city in the country. A million-plus city, it is located near the Turkish border and outnumbers Novosibirsk. The first president of Armenia was born in Aleppo. The second millionaire - Damascus.

4. Syria is located in the north of the most ancient center of civilization - the Fertile Crescent (Egypt, Interfluve, Levant).

5. From its borders 250 kilometers to Egypt, 120 to Cyprus, 700 to Greece and about 650 to Russia.

6. The territory of Syria is larger than Greece, Bulgaria, Hungary or Austria, but smaller than Belarus.

7In Syria, there are about 20 million Arabs and 2 million Kurds who speak Kurdish, a descendant of the Medes. In addition to the Arabs and Kurds, large groups of Armenians, Circassians, Greek Muslims, and Syrian Turkmen live here.

8. Syrian Arabs speak a special dialect of the Arabic language, markedly different from the literary one. Residents of the central and northeastern regions also speak different dialects.

9. Thanks to literary Arabic, more than 200 million Arabs from the Atlantic to the Persian Gulf can understand each other.

10. In Arabic, the name of Syria sounds like “Suriya”, and in the full version “al-Jumuhiriya al-Arabiyya al-Suriya” (Syrian Arab Republic).

11. About 90% of the population lives in the valley of the Euphrates River or in fertile areas near the Mediterranean Sea, which together makes up only a third of the country's territory. The remaining area is occupied by the Syrian Desert, which since ancient times has divided two regions - Interfluve and Levant (a fertile triangle by the sea: Israel, Syria, Palestine, Lebanon). Differences in culture and location of these two regions more than once caused conflicts.

12. How Syria is similar to Russia is its location at the junction of European and Eastern cultures.One part of it to the West, the other to the Arab world of the East. The coastal regions are predominantly occupied by Christians interspersed with Muslim sects and non-Sunni currents, while the desert areas along the Euphrates tend to Sunni conservatism. Due to its position, Syria is one of the most ancient trading states. Some urban markets are about five hundred years old.

13. Of the two million Syrian Christians, about half are Orthodox. The majority of the population (about 18 million) are Muslims.

14. Syria is the birthplace of many Christian, Islamic and other religious sects and original movements. Adherents of Alavism, the esoteric trend of Islam, double the number of Christians. Alawite is allowed to drink wine, pray 2 times a day and fast for only two weeks. They consider their religion to be secret knowledge, accessible only to the elect. President Bashar Assad - Alawit.

15. In the Open Doors international Christian rating, Syria ranks 4th among the countries where the rights of Christians are most often oppressed.

16. Independent Syria has existed in modern borders since April 17, 1946, when it freed itself from the colonial rule of France.

17The most ancient civilizations of the world were located on the territory of the country: Assyria, the Hittite kingdom, Babylonia, the Persian empire, and the state of Alexander the Great. This land was taken in turn by the Roman Empire, Byzantium, the Arab Caliphate, the Crusaders, the Mongols, the Ottoman Empire. In 1920, the country became a French colony.

18. Today, Syria is the hottest spot on the planet. During the war (2011 - present), EU imposed sanctions against the Syria, the countries of the Persian Gulf, the tourist sector almost disappeared, oil sales plummeted, militants looted more than 1000 factories and enterprises in Aleppo. According to the United Nations Educational and Research Institute, about 300 cultural monuments have been destroyed. One of the triggers of discontent of the Sunni population of the eastern regions was a severe drought (2006–2011), which particularly affected the Euphrates valley and desert regions.

19. Syria - the cradle of Christianity. There are tens of thousands of Assyrians living in the country - descendants of the population of Great Assyria. They speak new Aramaic languages. It is in Aramaic that part of the books of the Bible was written, in this language Jesus Christ and his circle spoke.The people professed mainly Christianity, and the Assyrians were among the first to adopt this faith in the first century.

20. In Syria, blocked YouTube, Blogspot and Facebook.

21. In the country free medicine and education, and the pension is calculated from 60 years. Civil servants are compensated for the costs of private clinics, and literacy is 83% (up to independence was 10%), which is much higher than in Iraq and Egypt.

22. For more than 50 years, Syria has been under the administration of the Ba'ath Party (Arab Socialist Renaissance Party, abbreviated: “rebirth”).

23. The first day of the week, according to the traditional Arabic calendar, is the resurrection of Al-Ahad (the first), and the last day is the Sabbath of Al-Sabt (rest). As in Russia, March 8, Mother's Day, New Year, Independence Day and May 1 are celebrated.

24. Syria’s relations with the USSR and Russia have always been rather warm. This is connected both with the common socialist past and with the opposition of American politics of domination in the Middle East.
So, as early as 1971, the material and technical base of the USSR Navy was deployed in the city of Tartus, and in 2005 the $ 10 billion debt to Syria was written off. However, Syria still does not recognize Israel.And if in the passport there is an Israeli visa, then, most likely, access to this country will be closed.

25. Syria is the birthplace of prominent Christian and Islamic thinkers. Among them are the philosopher Posidonius (I century BC), the philosopher Lucian Samosatsky (II century), the ascetic writer Isaac Sirin (VII century), the rationalist philosopher and free-thinker Abul-Ala al-Ma'arri (XI century) (his in 2013, the jihadists cut off the head), the Arab medieval mathematician Al-Salar (XII century). In the Syrian land preached John Chrysostom, who was born nearby.

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  • 25 facts about Syria

    25 facts about Syria

    25 facts about Syria

    25 facts about Syria

    25 facts about Syria

    25 facts about Syria

    25 facts about Syria

    25 facts about Syria

    25 facts about Syria

    25 facts about Syria

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