10 of the most impressive sea forts
Fort Jefferson, Florida, USA.
Fort Jefferson is an abandoned 19th century fort on Garden Key, a member of the Dry Tortugas island group in the Gulf of Mexico. Currently a tourist site. The fort is part of the Dry-Tortugas National Park. In the fort reside several rangers and volunteers.
The fortress was founded in 1822 as a naval base that helped fight piracy in the Caribbean. After many years of planning, in 1847 began the construction of a massive hexagonal fortification with 420 loopholes for heavy guns. The height of the walls above sea level is 15 meters, the fortress is surrounded by a 23-meter wide moat.
Sea Forts Maunsella. The British sea forts of Maunsella, located at the mouth of the Thames, were built during the Second World War, but still this place remains a living legend.
That there just was not: the fortress was a stronghold of pirate radio stations, and even the place of the formation of the real micro-state called Sealand.
Fort No Mans Land Fort. The artificial island called No Mans Land Fort is located one and a half kilometers from Portsmouth. The island, built between 1861 and 1880, housed a fort with 80 soldiers to protect the coast of Great Britain from the attack of the French.
The foundation of the island consists of huge granite blocks, which were delivered into place by special barges. It was built together with a lighthouse and firing positions for 49 guns. The fort is about 200 meters in diameter, and rises 18 meters above the sea.
Fort HM Fort Roughs, UK.
The fort was built in 1942. It housed artillery guns and radar equipment. Keeps on two hollow columns.
Fort Murud-Janjira, India.
Fort Murud-Janjira was founded in the 13th century by the kels, or "kings of fishermen", and gradually became a fortified fortress. For 200 years, Indian fishermen have fought desperately against Muslim conquerors. Those could not take the fortress by battle, until they applied cunning.
Either the legendary stunt that allowed Troy to be captured was not known to the people of India, or history does not teach anything. Sly Muslims pretended to be liquor dealers. Carrying their warriors in some barrels, they waited until the Indian fishermen got drunk and then seized the impregnable fortress.
Fort Pampus, the Netherlands.
Pampus is an ancient sea fort located on an island. In the 17th and 18th centuries, its history was closely connected with the voyages of the ships of the famous East India Company.
Picturesquely surrounded by the sea, this island, rugged by the labyrinths of ancient catacombs, makes a strong impression on the tourists who visited it.
Well, where without him!
Fort Bayard, France
Fort Bayard - a stone fort, located off the Atlantic coast of France in the Antioch Strait, between the islands of Ile d’Ex and Oléron. Construction began in 1801 and ended in 1857.
Since 1980, interest in Fort Bayard has been showing television, taking entertainment programs here.
Fort “Emperor Alexander I”, Russia. The fort was built in 1838-45. It is built in the form of a “bob” with dimensions of 90x60 meters, it has 4 combat tiers, on which 137 guns can be placed, and is adapted to conducting all-round defense. The fort never participated in hostilities, but made a great impression on the commander of the Allied squadron Admiral Nepira during the Crimean War.
In 1894, A. Yersen discovered the causative agent of plague. At the same time, in Russia, a “Special Commission was established to prevent the plague infection and to combat it in the event of its appearance in Russia” - COMOCHUM.The fort “Alexander” was an ideal place to organize a plague laboratory - complete isolation and not far from the city. On January 26, 1897, the fort was taken over by the Institute of Experimental Medicine.
Fort Louvois. The project of the fort was proposed in 1690 by the Marquis de Louvoy, who was then Minister of War. According to the project, the two-story fort with two towers had an oval shape. The Shapyu shallow was chosen as the construction site, and the fort itself was to be connected to the shore with a dam, which at low tide could serve to deliver various cargoes to the fortress
In 1929, Fort Louvois received the status of a historical monument.
Since 1972, the Fort Louvua is open to visitors from March to October (at high tide, the fort can be reached by free boat from the port of Chapus). In the fort there is an oyster museum and a permanent exhibition on the history of the fortress.
Fort Flakfortet, Denmark. In the strait of Oresun, between Copenhagen and Malmo, the island of Saltholmreb was built to accommodate the Flakforttet fortress. Construction was carried out in 1910-1915.
The fort was in service from 1915 to 1968.